Tachikawa Ki-54 / D.1 Glider

Specifications

1st Flight 1940

Ki-54c

Crew: 2

Capacity: 8

Length: 11.94 m (39 ft 2 in)

Wingspan: 17.9 m (58 ft 9 in)

Height: 3.58 m (11 ft 9 in)

Wing area: 40 m2 (430 sq ft)

Empty weight: 2,954 kg (6,512 lb)

Gross weight: 3,897 kg (8,591 lb)

Powerplant: 2 × Hitachi Ha13a (Army Type 98 450hp Air Cooled Radial) 9-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engine, 380 kW (510 hp) each for take-off

350 kW (470 hp) at 1,700 m (5,577 ft)

Propellers: 2-bladed metal propeller

Performance

Maximum speed: 375 km/h (233 mph, 202 kn)

Cruise speed: 240 km/h (150 mph, 130 kn)

Range: 960 km (600 mi, 520 nmi)

Service ceiling: 7,180 m (23,560 ft)

Wing loading: 97.4 kg/m2 (19.9 lb/sq ft)

Power/mass: 0.195 kW/kg (0.119 hp/lb)

Variants

Ki-54a – unarmed pilot trainer

Ki-54b – armed crew trainer

Ki-54c – eight-passenger light transport, communications aircraft.

Civil designation Y-59.

Ki-54d – maritime reconnaissance/ASW, carried 8x 60-kg (132-lb) depth charges

Ki-110 – one prototype Ki-54c of all-wood construction, destroyed in US bombing attack

Ki-111 – projected fuel tanker (none built)

Ki-114 – projected fuel tanker of all-wood construction (none built)

D-1 – In 1943, the Aviation Research Institute developed its engine free version of a amphibious glider known as the D-1.

On June 21, 1943, the D-1 was first flown in-tow behind the Mitsubishi K3M.

Its fate is unknown.

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