Mitsubishi 2MR8


1st Flight 1931

Crew: 2

Length: 8.52 m (27 ft 11 in)

Wingspan: 12.75 m (41 ft 10 in)

Height: 3.48 m (11 ft 5 in)

Wing area: 26 m2 (280 sq ft)

Empty weight: 1,060 kg (2,337 lb)

Gross weight: 1,770 kg (3,902 lb)

Powerplant: 1 × Mitsubishi Army Type 92 400hp Air Cooled Radial 9-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engine, 298–354 kW (400–475 hp) (company designation A5)

Propellers: 2-bladed Reed-type fixed-pitch metal propeller


Maximum speed: 220 km/h (140 mph, 120 kn)

Endurance: 4-5 hours

Service ceiling: 5,700 m (18,700 ft)

Time to altitude: 3,000 m (9,843 ft) in10 minutes 30 seconds

Wing loading: 68.1 kg/m2 (13.9 lb/sq ft)

Power/mass: 0.2381 kW/kg (0.1448 hp/lb)


Guns: 2 × fixed forward firing 7.7 mm (0.303 in) machine guns, 2 × flexibly mounted 7.7 mm (0.303 in) machine guns in rear cockpit


In 1930, Mitsubishi developed two designs to meet a Japanese Army requirement for a short-range reconnaissance aircraft to supplement the larger, long-range Kawasaki Type 88, the 2MR7, a biplane based on its earlier 2MR reconnaissance aircraft and B2M torpedo bomber developed for the Imperial Japanese Navy, and the 2MR8, a high-wing parasol monoplane.

The first of four prototypes flew on 28 March 1931, powered by a 239 kW (320 hp) Mitsubishi A2 radial engine.

Successive prototypes were modified with more powerful engines, reduced wing area and a shorter fuselage until the fourth prototype was accepted by the Japanese Army, and ordered into service as the Type 92 Reconnaissance Aircraft.

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