Lockheed P-80 Shooting Star

Specifications

1st Flight 1944

Crew: 1

Length: 34 ft 5 in (10.49 m)

Wingspan: 38 ft 9 in (11.81 m)

Height: 11 ft 3 in (3.43 m)

Wing area: 237.6 sq ft (22.07 m2)

Aspect ratio: 6.37

Airfoil: NACA 65-213

Empty weight: 8,420 lb (3,819 kg)

Gross weight: 12,200 lb (5,534 kg)

Max takeoff weight: 16,856 lb (7,646 kg)

Zero-lift drag coefficient: 0.0134

Frontal area: 32 sq ft (3.0 m2)

Powerplant: 1 × Allison J33-A-35 centrifugal compressor turbojet, 4,600 lbf (20 kN) thrust dry

5,400 lbf (24 kN) with water injection

Performance

Maximum speed: 594 mph (956 km/h, 516 kn) at sea level

Maximum speed: Mach 0.76

Cruise speed: 439 mph (707 km/h, 381 kn)

Range: 825 mi (1,328 km, 717 nmi)

Ferry range: 1,380 mi (2,220 km, 1,200 nmi)

Service ceiling: 46,800 ft (14,300 m)

Rate of climb: 6,870 ft/min (34.9 m/s)

Time to altitude: 20,000 ft (6,100 m) in 5 minutes 30 seconds

Lift-to-drag: 17.7

Wing loading: 51.3 lb/sq ft (250 kg/m2)

Thrust/weight: 0.364

0.435 with water injection.

Armament

Guns: 6 × 0.50 in (12.7mm) M3 Browning machine guns (300 rpg)

Rockets: 8 × 127 mm (5.00 in) HVAR unguided rockets

Bombs: 2 × 1,000 lb (450 kg) bombs

Variants

The Lockheed P-80 Shooting Star was the first jet fighter used operationally by the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF).

Designed and built by Lockheed in 1943 and delivered just 143 days from the start of the design process, production models were flying, and two pre-production models did see very limited service in Italy just before the end of World War II.

Designed with straight wings, the type saw extensive combat in Korea with the United States Air Force (USAF) as the F-80.

P-80/F-80

1714 production aircraft were delivered to the Air Force prior to any conversions or redesignations, with their original block numbers.

XP-80

Prototype powered by a de Havilland-built Halford H.1B turbojet and first flown 8 January 1944, one built.

XP-80A

Production prototype variant powered by a General Electric I-40 turbojet, increased span and length but wing area reduced, two built.

YP-80A

12 pre-production aircraft. One aircraft, 44-83027, lent to Rolls-Royce Limited and used for development of the Nene engine.[24]

XF-14

One built from YP-80A order (44-83024), lost in midair collision with B-25 Mitchell chase plane on 6 December 1944; USAAF photo reconnaissance prototype.

P-80A

344 block 1-LO aircraft; 180 block 5-LO aircraft. Block 5 and all subsequent Shooting Stars were natural metal finish.

Fitted with 225 US gal (187 imp gal; 850 l) tiptanks.

F-80A

USAF designation of P-80A.

EF-80

Modified to test “Prone Pilot” cockpit positions.

F-14A

Unknown number of photo-reconnaissance conversions from P-80A, all redesignated FP-80A.

XFP-80A

Modified P-80A 44–85201 with hinged nose for camera equipment.

FP-80A

152 block 15-LO; operational photo reconnaissance aircraft.

RF-80A

USAF designation of FP-80A, 66 operational F-80A’s modified to RF-80A standard.

ERF-80A

Modified P-80A 44–85042 with experimental nose contour.

XP-80B

Reconfigured P-80A, improved J-33 engine, one built as prototype for P-80B

P-80B

209 block 1-LO; 31 block 5-LO; first model fitted with an ejection seat (retrofitted into -As)

F-80B

USAF designation of P-80B.

P-80R

Modification of XP-80B to racer.

P-80C

162 block 1-LO; 75 block 5-LO; 561 block 10-LO

F-80C

USAF designation of P-80C; 128 F-80A modified to F-80C-11-LO with J-33-A-35 engine and ejection seat installed; fitted with 260 US gal (220 imp gal; 980 l) tiptanks; major P-80 production version.

RF-80C

70 modified F-80A and F-80C, and six modified RF-80A, to RF-80C and RF-80C-11, respectively; upgraded photo recon plane.

DF-80A

Designation given to number of F-80As converted into drone directors.

QF-80A/QF-80C/QF-80F

Project Bad Boy F-80 conversions by Sperry Gyroscope to target drones.

Q-8 was initially proposed as designation for the QF-80.

TP-80C

First designation for TF-80C trainer prototype.

TF-80C

Prototype for T-33 (48-0356).

TO-1/TV-1

U.S. Navy variant of F-80C; 49 block 1-LO and one block 5-LO aircraft transferred to USN in 1949; 16 initially went to U.S. Marine Corps.

 

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