Junkers Ju 160 / LXJ

Specifications

1st Flight 1934

Crew: 2

Capacity: 6 passengers

Length: 12 m (39 ft 4 in)

Wingspan: 14.32 m (47 ft 0 in)

Height: 4 m (13 ft 1 in)

Wing area: 34.8 m2 (375 sq ft)

Empty weight: 2,320 kg (5,115 lb)

Powerplant: 1 × BMW 132A 9-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engine, 490 kW (660 hp)

Propellers: 2-bladed variable-pitch propeller

Performance

Maximum speed: 340 km/h (210 mph, 180 kn)

Cruise speed: 315 km/h (196 mph, 170 kn)

Range: 1,200 km (750 mi, 650 nmi) at 1,900 m (6,234 ft)

Endurance: 3 hours 12 minutes

Service ceiling: 5,200 m (17,100 ft)

Wing loading: 66.7 kg/m2 (13.7 lb/sq ft)

Power/mass: 0.14 kW/kg (0.085 hp/lb)

Variants

Including prototypes, 47 Ju 160s were produced.

Lufthansa were the main commercial operator, receiving 21 production aircraft.

They were running on 13 domestic routes in 1935 alone and stayed in service for example on the fast route between Berlin and Vienna until 1941.

One of the 21 was initially operated by the Lufthansa subsidiary Eurasia; this aircraft, however, crashed in Shanghai and was taken back to Germany and to Lufthansa after repairs.

The first 11 Lufthansa machines were Ju 160 A-0s registered in 1935, followed by 10 D-0s in 1936.

The D-0 version had larger cockpit windows and other crew comfort enhancements.

Weser Flugbau used an ex-Lufthansa aircraft.

Two machines appeared on the Manchurian civil register, one of then having earlier been registered in Germany, the other sold direct.

The German Research Institute for Aviation (Deutsche Versuchsanstalt fur Luftfahrt e.V ) operated four Ju 160s.

Five others operated at the Flight Research Centre (E-Stelle) at Travemünde.

The remaining aircraft were mostly military versions.

Most of the surviving civilian Ju 160s in Germany were eventually impressed in Luftwaffe service.

The Manchurian aircraft appear to have ended up in Japan.

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