Grumman TBF / M Avenger

Specifications

1st Flight 1941

Crew: 3

Length: 40 ft 1⁄8 in (12.195 m)

Wingspan: 54 ft 2 in (16.51 m)

Width: 19 ft (5.8 m) folded

Height: 16 ft 5 in (5.00 m)

Wing area: 490 sq ft (46 m2)

Airfoil: root: NACA 23015; tip: NACA 23009

Gross weight: 15,536 lb (7,047 kg)

Fuel capacity: Fuel 330 US gal (275 imp gal; 1,249 l) in three centre-section integral tanks + 2x 58 US gal (48 imp gal; 220 l) droppable slipper tanks under outer wings, with provision for a jettisonable 275 US gal (229 imp gal; 1,041 l) bomb-bay ferry tank.; Oil 32 US gal (27 imp gal; 121 l)

Powerplant: 1 × Wright R-2600-8 Twin Cyclone 14-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engine, 1,700 hp (1,300 kW)

Propellers: 3-bladed Hamilton Standard constant-speed propeller

Performance

Maximum speed: 278 mph (447 km/h, 242 kn)

Cruise speed: 215 mph (346 km/h, 187 kn)

Range: 905 mi (1,456 km, 786 nmi) at cruise speed

Service ceiling: 22,600 ft (6,900 m)

Rate of climb: 1,075 ft/min (5.46 m/s)

Power/mass: 0.11 hp/lb (0.18 kW/kg)

Armament

Guns:

1 × 0.30 in (7.62 mm) nose-mounted M1919 Browning machine gun (on early models) or 2 × 0.50 in (12.7 mm) wing-mounted M2 Browning machine guns

1 × 0.50 in (12.7 mm) dorsal-mounted M2 Browning machine gun

1 × 0.30 in (7.62 mm) ventral-mounted M1919 Browning machine gun

Rockets:

up to eight 3.5-Inch Forward Firing Aircraft Rockets, 5-Inch Forward Firing Aircraft Rockets or High Velocity Aerial Rockets

Bombs:

Up to 2,000 lb (907 kg) of bombs

or

1 × 2,000 lb (907 kg) Mark 13 torpedo

Variants

The Grumman TBF Avenger (designated TBM for aircraft manufactured by General Motors) is an American torpedo bomber developed initially for the United States Navy and Marine Corps, and eventually used by several air and naval aviation services around the world.

TBF

XTBF-1

Prototypes each powered by a 1,700 hp (1,300 kW) R-2600-8 engine, second aircraft introduced the large dorsal fin. (2 built)

TBF-1

Initial production model based on the second prototype. (1,526 built)

TBF-1C

TBF-1 with provision for two 0.5 in (12.7 mm) wing guns and fuel capacity increased to 726 US gal (2,748 l), 765 built.

TBF-1B

Paper designation for the Avenger I for the Royal Navy.

TBF-1D

TBF-1 conversions with centimetric radar in radome on right wing leading edge.

TBF-1CD

TBF-1C conversions with centimetric radar in radome on right wing leading edge.

TBF-1E

TBF-1 conversions with additional electronic equipment.

TBF-1J

TBF-1 equipped for bad weather operations

TBF-1L

TBF-1 equipped with retractable searchlight in bomb bay.

TBF-1P

TBF-1 conversion for photo-reconnaissance

TBF-1CP

TBF-1C conversion for photo-reconnaissance

XTBF-2

TBF-1 re-engined with a 1,900 hp (1,400 kW) XR-2600-10 engine.

XTBF-3

TBF-1 re-engined with 1,900 hp (1,400 kW) R-2600-20 engines.

TBF-3

Planned production version of the XTBF-3, cancelled

TBM

TBM-1

as TBF-1. (550 built)

TBM-1C

as TBF-1C. (2336 built)

TBM-1D

TBM-1 conversions with centimetric radar in radome on right wing leading edge.

TBM-1E

TBM-1 conversions with additional electronic equipment.

TBM-1J

TBM-1 equipped for all weather operations

TBM-1L

TBM-1 equipped with retractable searchlight in bomb bay.

TBM-1P

TBM-1 conversion for photo-reconnaissance

TBM-1CP

TBM-1C conversion for photo-reconnaissance

TBM-2

One TBM-1 re-engined with a 1,900 hp (1,400 kW) XR-2600-10 engine.

XTBM-3

Four TBM-1C aircraft with 1,900 hp (1,400 kW) R-2600-20 engines.

TBM-3

as TBM-1C, double cooling intakes, engine upgrade, minor changes. (4,011 built)

TBM-3D

TBM-3 conversion with centimetric radar in radome on right wing leading edge.

TBM-3E

as TBM-3, stronger airframe, search radar, ventral gun deleted. (646 built).

TBM-3H

TBM-3 conversion with surface search radar.

TBM-3J

TBM-3 equipped for all weather operations

TBM-3L

TBM-3 equipped with retractable searchlight in bomb bay.

TBM-3M

TBM-3 conversion as a Tiny Tim rocket launcher.

TBM-3N

TBM-3 conversion for night attack.

TBM-3P

TBM-3 conversion for photo-reconnaissance.

TBM-3Q

TBM-3 conversion for electronic countermeasures, retained gun turret.

TBM-3R

TBM-3 conversions as seven-passenger, Carrier onboard delivery transport.

TBM-3S

TBM-3 conversion as an anti-submarine strike version.

TBM-3U

TBM-3 conversion as a general utility and target version.

TBM-3W

TBM-3 conversion as the first ship based airborne early warning control and relay platform with AN/APS-20 radar in ventral radome.

XTBM-4

Prototypes based on TBM-3E with modified wing incorporating a reinforced center section and a different folding mechanism, 3 built.

TBM-4

Production version of XTBM-4, 2,141 on order were cancelled.

Royal Navy Avenger

Tarpon GR.I

RN designation of the TBF-1, 400 delivered.

Avenger Mk.II

RN designation of the TBM-1/TBM-1C, 334 delivered.

Avenger Mk.III

RN designation of the TBM-3, 222 delivered

Avenger Mk.IV

RN designation of the TBM-3S, 70 cancelled

Avenger AS4

RN designation of the TBM-3S, 100 delivered postwar

Royal Canadian Navy Avengers

Avenger AS3

Modified by RCN for anti-submarine duty, dorsal gun turret removed, 98 built

Avenger AS3M

AS3 with magnetic anomaly detector boom added to rear fuselage

Avenger Mk.3W2

Similar to TBM-3W, with large ventral radome.

8 operated.

 

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