Dornier Do 335

1st Flight 1943
The Dornier Do 335 Pfeil was a German World War II heavy fighter built by the Dornier company.
Dornier Do 335
The two-seater trainer version was called Ameisenbär.
The Pfeil’s performance was much better than other twin-engine designs due to its unique push-pull configuration and the lower aerodynamic drag of the in-line alignment of the two engines.
Dornier Do 335
It was Germany’s fastest piston-engined aircraft of World War II.
The Luftwaffe was desperate to get the design into operational use, but delays in engine deliveries meant that only a handful were delivered before the war ended.
Dornier Do 335
Delivery commenced in January 1945.
When the United States Army overran the Oberpfaffenhofen factory in late April 1945, only 11 Do 335 A-1 single-seat fighter-bombers and two Do 335 A-12 trainers had been completed.
Dornier Do 335
French ace Pierre Clostermann claimed the first Allied combat encounter with a Pfeil in April 1945.
He describes leading a flight of four Hawker Tempests from No. 3 Squadron RAF over northern Germany, when they came across an unknown aircraft flying at maximum speed at treetop level.
Dornier Do 335
Detecting the British aircraft, the German pilot reversed course to evade. Two pilots fired on the Dornier but Clostermann, despite the Tempests’ considerable low altitude speed, decided not to attempt to chase it as it was obviously much faster.
Dornier Do 335
Specifications-
Crew: 1
Length: 13.85 m (45 ft 5 in)
Wingspan: 13.8 m (45 ft 3 in)
Dornier Do 335
Height: 5 m (16 ft 5 in)
Wing area: 38.5 m2 (414 sq ft)
Airfoil: root: NACA 23018-630; tip: NACA 23012-635
Empty weight: 7,260 kg (16,006 lb)
Dornier Do 335
Gross weight: 9,600 kg (21,164 lb)
A-6 10,085 kg (22,234 lb)
Fuel capacity: 1,230 l (320 US gal; 270 imp gal) main fuel tank (single-seat) with various extra tankage in the weapons bay and wings, depending on variant
Power plant: 2 × Daimler-Benz DB 603E-1 V-12 inverted liquid-cooled piston engines for take-off
Dornier Do 335
1,417 kW (1,900 hp) at 1,800 m (5,900 ft)
Propellers: 3-bladed VDM, 3.5 m (11 ft 6 in) diameter constant-speed tractor and pusher propellers
Performance
Dornier Do 335
Maximum speed: 763 km/h (474 mph, 412 kn) at 6,500 m (21,300 ft)
A-6 690 km/h (430 mph; 370 kn) at 5,300 m (17,400 ft)
Cruise speed: 685 km/h (426 mph, 370 kn) at 7,200 m (23,600 ft)
Economical cruise speed: 452 km/h (281 mph; 244 kn) at 6,000 m (20,000 ft)
Dornier Do 335
Range: 1,395 km (867 mi, 753 nmi) on full internal fuel at max. Continuous power
2,060 km (1,280 mi; 1,110 nmi) at economical cruise power
Service ceiling: 11,400 m (37,400 ft)
Time to altitude: 1,000 m (3,300 ft) in 55 seconds ; 8,000 m (26,000 ft) in 14 minutes 30 seconds
Dornier Do 335
Armament
Guns: 1 × engine mounted 30 mm (1.18 in) MK 103 cannon with 70 rpg plus 2 × 20 mm (0.79 in) MG 151/20 cowl-mount, synchronized auto cannon with 200 rpg
Bombs: Up to 1,000 kg (2,200 lb) bomb load in internal weapons bay and two under wing pylons
Dornier Do 335
Credits
The Encyclopedia of World Aircraft-David Donald
A Centenary of Dornier Aircraft 1919-2019-Miles Davidson
Wikipedia

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