Caproni CA-312 / 313

1st Flight 1939
The Caproni Ca.313 was an Italian twin-engine reconnaissance bomber of the late-1930s.
Caproni Ca.313
It was a development of the Ca.310.
Its variants were exported to several other countries.
The aircraft served mainly with Italy, in the light transport, trainer and maritime reconnaissance roles.
Caproni Ca.313
Swedish Air Force designations were B 16, S 16, T 16, and Tp 16.
To complete its war preparations Sweden ordered 84 of the Caproni Ca.313S, 72 of the Fiat CR.42, and 60 of the Reggiane Re.2000, an order totaling some 90 million kronor.
The Ca.313 suffered many engine fires, this situation was not helped by the special fuel called Bentol, containing alcohol, that was used due to fuel shortage in Sweden because of the war.
Caproni Ca.313
This fuel often dissolved the coating of the floats made of cork and also corroded the fuel tanks, causing leaks which would result in the fuel spilling onto the hot engines.
The Luftwaffe eventually ordered 905 machines called the CA.313G to be used for training purposes and other secondary employment, but only a few examples were delivered.
They had a different nose from the standard model.
Caproni Ca.312
Two series of Ca.313 had this nose difference and were called ‘Ca.313 R.P.B.1 and 2.
In 1942, Croatia received ten Caproni Ca 311M bombers which had been ordered and paid for by the former Royal Yugoslav government.
Caproni Ca.312
Variants
Ca.312, Ca.313, Ca.313S.
Caproni Ca.313bis
Specifications-
Crew: three
Length: 11.80 m (38 ft 8 in)
Caproni Ca.312
Wingspan: 16.65 m (54 ft 7 in)
Height: 3.70 m (12 ft 2 in)
Wing area: 38.9 m2 (419 sq ft)
Caproni Ca.312
Empty weight: 4,072 kg (8,977 lb)
Gross weight: 5,672 kg (12,505 lb)
Power plant: 2 × Isotta Fraschini Delta R.C.35 I-DS , 545 kW (730 hp) each
Caproni Ca.313
Performance
Maximum speed: 430 km/h (268 mph, 233 kn)
Range: 1,700 km (1,050 mi, 910 nmi)
Service ceiling: 8,500 m (27,880 ft)
Caproni Ca.313bis
Armament
3 × 7.7 mm (.303 in) Breda-SAFAT machine guns
400 kg (882 lb) of bombs
Credits-
Ali d’Italia 24: Caproni Ca.311/314
Italian Civil and Military Aircraft 1930-1945-Jonathan Thompson
Aeroplani Caproni: Gianni Caproni and His Aircraft, 1910-1983–Rosario Abate, Gregory Alegi, Giorgio Apostolo
Wikipedia

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