Caproni CA-309

1st Flight 1937
The Caproni Ca.309 was an Italian aircraft used in World War II.
Caproni CA-309
The Caproni Ca.309 was designed by Cesare Pallavicino, based on the Ca.308 Borea transport.
It was intended to replace the obsolete IMAM Ro.1 biplane, and to serve as a reconnaissance and ground-attack aircraft.
Caproni CA-309
The Ca.309 was a low-wing cantilever monoplane with a piston engine fitted to each wing.
The aircraft was also produced in Bulgaria.
Caproni CA-309
That variant, 24 of which were built, was known as the Kaproni-Bulgarski KB 6/KB 309 Papagal.
The Ca. 309 served in Libya during the first part of World War II with the Auto-Saharan Company, with good operational results.
Caproni CA-309
After the loss of the African colonies the surviving planes were returned to Italy, where they were used as transports.
Two 309s were bought by the Paraguayan government for its Military Air Arm.
Caproni CA-309
They were used as transport planes from 1939 to 1945 and in that year they were transferred to Líneas Aéreas de Transporte Nacional (LATN), the Paraguayan first airline which was run by the Military Aviation.
They were in active service until the early 1950s.
Caproni CA-309
Specifications-
Crew: 3
Length: 13.2906 m (43 ft 7.25 in)
Wingspan: 16.2 m (53 ft 2 in)
Height: 3.04 m (10 ft 0 in)
Wing area: 38.7 m2 (417 sq ft)
Empty weight: 1,960 kg (4,321 lb)
Gross weight: 2,930 kg (6,460 lb)
Power plant: 2 × Alfa Romeo 115-II (or 115-I) 6-cylinder inverted air-cooled in-line piston engines, 291 kW (390 hp) each
Propellers: 2-bladed variable-pitch propellers
Caproni CA-309
Performance
Maximum speed: 250 km/h (160 mph, 130 kn
Cruise speed: 209 km/h (130 mph, 113 kn)
Range: 671 km (417 mi, 362 nmi)
Service ceiling: 4,499 m (14,760 ft)
Time to altitude: 2,890 m (9,480 ft) in 17 minutes 30 seconds
Caproni CA-309
Armament
Guns: 3 × 7.7 mm (.303 in) Breda SAFAT machine guns
Bombs: up to 330 kg
Caproni CA-309
Credits-
Italian Civil and Military Aircraft 1930-1945-Jonathan Thompson
Aeroplani Caproni: Gianni Caproni and His Aircraft, 1910-1983–Rosario Abate, Gregory Alegi, Giorgio Apostolo
Wikipedia

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