Berliner-Joyce XF2J

The Berliner-Joyce XF2J was the company’s second biplane fighter for the United States Navy.
The XF2J was ordered on 30 June 1931 and although designated as a two-seat fighter, it was used as an observation aircraft.
Berliner-Joyce XF2J
The XF2J’s construction was all-metal with a fabric covered rudder.
The upper wing was “gulled”, with a short, sharply upward-angled section, with the remainder of the wing with a slight dihedral.
Berliner-Joyce XF2J
The lower wing span was shorter than the upper wing, and was braced with “N” struts and wires.
A .30 calibre machine gun was located in each of the gulled sections of the upper wing and were synchronized to fire through the propeller arc.
Berliner-Joyce XF2J
The tightly-cowled 9-cylinder Pratt & Whitney R-1690C Hornet was the engine originally specified, but was changed to the 625 hp (466 kW) 14-cylinder Wright SR-1510-92 Whirlwind before the aircraft flew. The propeller was a metal constant speed two-blade design.
The original open cockpits were modified to sliding canopies shortly after delivery to the navy.
Berliner-Joyce XF2J
The XF2J-1 suffered from the same faults as the P-16, resulting in an unfavourable service trial of the one prototype, which had appeared two years late due to a protracted development phase, exacerbated by financial difficulties that eventually led to the demise of the company.
The poor visibility over the nose and the landing characteristics doomed the XF2J-1, especially in light of the availability of the superior Grumman FF-1.

 

Berliner-Joyce XF2J
Specifications-
Crew: 2
Length: 28 ft 10 in (8.79 m)
Upper wingspan: 36 ft 0 in (10.97 m)
Wing area: 303.5 sq ft (28.20 m2)
Empty weight: 3,210 lb (1,456 kg)
Gross weight: 4,539 lb (2,059 kg)
Max takeoff weight: 4,539 lb (2,059 kg)
Powerplant: 1 × Wright SR-1510-92 Whirlwind 14-cylinder air-cooled supercharged two-row radial piston engine, 600 hp (450 kW)
Performance-
Maximum speed: 170 kn (196 mph, 315 km/h)
Armament
Guns: two .30 caliber machine guns mounted in the upper wing root area.
Credits-
American Combat Planes- Ray Wagner
U.S. naval fighters- Lloyd S Jones
Wikipedia

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