Amiot 140 Series

1st Flight 1931

Military Users- Air Force of the Independent State of Croatia, Armee de l’Air, French Navy, Luftwaffe, Polish Air Forces on exile in France.

Amiot 150

In 1928, the French Air Ministry issued a specification for a four-seat Multiplace de Combat, a multi-seat combat aircraft to act as a light bomber, reconnaissance aircraft and long-range escort fighter.

Amiot received an order for two prototype Amiot 140s, to be evaluated against the competing Bleriot 137, Breguet 410 and SPCA 30.

Amiot 150

The Amiot 140 was a high-winged cantilever monoplane of all-metal construction, with corrugated wing skinning and a fixed tail wheel undercarriage.

The pilot sat in an open cockpit, with cockpits for gunners in the nose and dorsal positions.

Amiot 150

A glazed gondola under the forward fuselage carried a bombardier/gunner, ensuring that the gunners had a clear field of fire all around the aircraft.

The Amiot was intended to be powered by two 515 kW (690 hp) Lorraine 18G Orion water-cooled W engines but these were unavailable and the first prototype was fitted with Hispano-Suiza 12Nbr engines to allow flight testing, making its maiden flight on 12 April 1931.

Amiot 140m

The second prototype was completed in February 1932 but the continued non-availability of its intended engines, either the original Lorraine-Dietrichs or turbocharged Hispano-Suizas, meant that it never flew.

Despite this, on 23 November 1933 an order was placed for 40 Amiot 140s, to be powered by 662 kW (880 hp) Lorraine 12Q Eider engines.

Amiot 143

The French Air Ministry had meanwhile revised its requirements, concentrating on the bombing role and asking for better performance.

Amiot redesigned the aircraft to meet these requirements and incorporate lessons learned during testing of the Amiot 140.

Amiot 143

The gondola under the fuselage was enlarged, allowing easier operation of the aircraft’s guns and a fifth crew member (a radio-operator) to be carried.

Manually operated gun turrets were provided in the nose and dorsal positions.

Amiot 143

Orders were placed for two prototypes, differing only in the engines fitted, with the Amiot 142 having Hispano-Suiza 12Y engines and the Amiot 143 having Gnome-Rhone 14K radial engines.

The 143 flew first, on 1 August 1934, with the 142 not flying until January 1935.

Amiot 143m

As it was decided to allocate the Hispano-Suiza engines to fighters, the Amiot 143 was selected, the existing order for 40 Amiot 140s being converted to 143s.

The Amiot 143 had the same high-wing and fixed undercarriage as the Amiot 140, with the wing thick enough to allow crew access to the engines by a tunnel between the wing spars.

Amiot 143m

The pilot sat in an enclosed cockpit, level with the leading edge of the wing and the navigator-bombardier, who was also provided with flying controls, sat in the extensively glazed gondola beneath the pilot.

The radio operator sat towards the rear of the gondola and in early aircraft operated two 7.7 mm (0.303 in) Lewis guns.

Amiot 143

Nose and dorsal turrets, each carrying a Lewis gun, completed the defensive armament, while the gondola also housed an internal bomb-bay.

After 40 aircraft had been completed, the design was revised, with the aircraft being fitted with a longer nose (increasing overall length from 17.94 m (58 ft 10 in) to 18.24 m (59 ft 10 in), a revised fuel system and with the Lewis guns in the nose, dorsal turrets and ventral position replaced by single 7.5 mm (.295 in) MAC 1934 machine guns, with a fourth gun used by the navigator-bombardier firing through a hatch in the floor.

Amiot 143m

Deliveries of the aging design eventually began in April 1935, continuing until March 1937, with a total of 138 being built.

An improved version, the Amiot 144 was built to meet 1933 requirement for a Multiplace de Combat, combining the same fuselage and a similar wing with a retractable undercarriage.

Amiot 144 prototype

First flying on 18 January 1936, only one was built.

Variants-

Amiot 140, Amiot 140M, Amiot 141M, Amiot 142, Amiot 143, Amiot 144, Amiot 145, Amiot 146, Amiot 147, Amiot 150.

Amiot 150

Specifications-

Crew: Five (pilot, navigator/bombardier, radio operator, nose and dorsal gunners)

Length: 18.24 m (59 ft 10 in)

Wingspan: 24.53 m (80 ft 6 in)

Height: 5.68 m (18 ft 8 in)

Wing area: 100 m2 (1,100 sq ft)

Empty weight: 5,455 kg (12,026 lb)

Gross weight: 8,611 kg (18,984 lb)

Max take off weight: 10,360 kg (22,840 lb)

Amiot 150

Power plant: 2 × Gnome et Rhône 14Kirs/Kjrs 14-cyl. air-cooled radial engines (counter-rotating), 640 kW (858 hp) each

Performance

Maximum speed: 295 km/h (183 mph, 159 kn)

Range: 1,300 km (810 mi, 700 nmi)

Ferry range: 1,995 km (1,240 mi, 1,077 nmi)

Service ceiling: 7,500 m (24,600 ft)

Time to altitude: 2,000 m (6,600 ft) in 6.8 minutes

Armament

Guns: 4× 7.5 mm (0.295 in) MAC 1934 machine guns (one each in nose and dorsal turrets, forward gondola and rear gondola)

Bombs: 800 kg (1,800 lb) internally plus 800 kg (1,800 lb) externally.

Amiot 150

Credits-

French bombers of WW2 in action-Alain Pelletier

Wikipedia

Share on facebook

Share on facebook