Ambrosini SAI.10 Grifone / Gabbiano

1st Flight 1939

Military Users – Regia Aeronautica.

The Ambrosini SAI.10 Grifone was a military trainer aircraft produced in small numbers for the Italian Regia Aeronautica early in World War II.

SAI.10 with CNA D.IV engine

With the approach of war, the Ministero dell’ Aeronautica began a program to increase the number of pilots available, and ordered a prototype primary trainer from Ambrosini.

This aircraft, a parasol monoplane of mixed construction, first flew on July 8 1939 with Guiliano Ferrari at the controls.

SAI.10 Gabbiano

A production batch of 50 was ordered, but this was quickly reduced to just 10 machines, all of which were delivered in 1940.

Production aircraft differed by having a Fiat A.50 radial engine in place of the prototype’s CNA D.

SAI.10 Gabbiano

Other engines were trialed included an example with a Siemens-Halske Sh 14, and one with an Alfa Romeo 110, this latter machine designated SAI.11.

Another experimental development that did not enter production was a float-equipped SAI.10 Gabbiano.

SAI.10 with CNA D.IV engine


Crew: two, pilot and instructor

Length: 6.50 m (21 ft 4 in)

Wingspan: 10.30 m (33 ft 9.5 in)

Height: 2.10 m (6 ft 10.75 in)

Wing area: 14.3 m2 (154 sq ft)

Empty weight: 400 kg (880 lb)

Gross weight: 615 kg (1,353 lb)

SAI.10 with CNA D.IV engine

Power plant: 1 × Fiat A.50 radial , 63 kW (85 hp)


Maximum speed: 187 km/h (116 mph, 101 kn)

Cruise speed: 161 km/h (100 mph, 87 kn)



The Encyclopedia of World Aircraft-David Donald

Italian Civil And Military Aircraft, 1930-1945-Jonathan Thompson.


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