Albatros B.II / L.2

1st Flight 1914

Military Users-  

German Luftstreitkräfte, Kaiserliche Marine, Austro-Hungarian Imperial and Royal Aviation Troops, Bulgarian Air Force, Finnish Air Force, Latvian Air Force, Lithuanian Air Force, Ottoman Air Force, Polish Air Force, Swedish Air Force, Swedish Navy, Royal Naval Air Service, Royal Flying Corps, Royal Air Force.

B.II

The Albatros B.II, (company designation L.2) was an unarmed German two-seat reconnaissance biplane of the First World War.

Designed by Robert Thelen based on his 1913 Albatros B.I, the B.II was the aircraft that brought the aircraft manufacturer Albatros Flugzeugwerke to the world’s attention.

B.II

The B.II had a shorter wingspan than the B.I and used a variety of engines up to 89 kW (120 hp).

In 1914 it set an altitude record of 4,500 m (14,800 ft).

B.II

The seating arrangement was not ideal, the pilot occupied the rear cockpit, the observer sat in front over the wings which greatly reduced his downward view while the protruding engine block almost completely obscured the view over the nose.

When Albatros developed the armed C.I based on their B-series, the seat positions were swapped so that the observer/gunner had a better view and clear field of fire.

B.II

A floatplane variant of the B.II was developed, known as the W.1 or B.II-W, as was a purpose-built trainer with increased wingspan and different engines, designated the B.IIa.

Further developments led to the Albatros B.III, which was produced in small numbers.

SK-1

Variants-

B.II – Developed from the B.I, the B.II entered production in 1914.

B.IIa – strengthened airframe, particularly the tail section and 120 hp (89 kW) Mercedes D.II or 120 hp (89 kW) Argus As III engines with radiators moved to the leading edge of the upper centre section.

B.II (Ph) series 23 – Production of the B.I in Vienna by Phönix Flugzeug-Werke AG.

B.II (Ph) series 24 – Production of the B.I built in Vienna.

W.1 – Seaplane with twin floats and a 150 hp (112 kW) Benz Bz.III engine.

Thulin C / SK-1 / Ö2  – Licence built version by AB Thulinverken Sweden.

B.II

Specifications-

Crew: Two

Length: 7.63 m (25 ft 0.38 in)

Wingspan: 12.8 m (42 ft 0 in)

Height: 3.15 m (10 ft 4 in)

Wing area: 40.12 m2 (431.8 sq ft)

Empty weight: 723 kg (1,594 lb)

Gross weight: 1,071 kg (2,361 lb)

B.II

Power plant: 1 × Mercedes D.II , 89.5 kW (120 hp)

Performance

Maximum speed: 120 km/h (75 mph, 65 kn)

Endurance: 4 hours

Service ceiling: 3,000 m (9,840 ft)

Rate of climb: 1.6 m/s (320 ft/min)

B.II

Credits-

German Monoplane Fighters of WWI-Jack Herris.

Albatros Aircraft of WWI Volume 1, Early Two-Seaters-Jack Herris.

Albatros Aircraft of WWI Volume 2, Late Two-Seaters-Jack Herris.

Albatros Aircraft of WWI Volume 3, Bombers, Seaplanes & J-Types-Jack Herris.

Albatros Aircraft of WWI Volume 4, Fighters-Jack Herris.

https://web.archive.org/web/20070927190422/http://www.histaviation.com/Albatros_L_101.html

Die Deutsche Luftrüstung 1933-1945-Heinz J Nowarra.

Jane’s Encyclopedia of Aviation-Michael J. H Taylor.

Wikipedia.

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