Aérospatiale AS332 Super Puma

1st Flight 1978

Military Users-

Argentine Army Aviation, Bolivian Air Force, Brazilian Air Force, Brazilian Naval Aviation, Chilean Navy, Ecuadorian Army, Finnish Border Guard, French Air and Space Force, Gabonese Air Force, Hellenic Air Force, Indonesian Air Force, Indonesian Navy, Royal Jordanian Air Force, Kuwait Air Force, Mali Air Force, Nigerian Air Force, Royal Air Force of Oman, Royal Saudi Navy, Republic of Singapore Air Force, Republic of Korea Air Force, Spanish Air Force, Swiss Air Force, Venezuelan Air Force, Uzbekistan Air Force, Cameroon Air Force, People’s Liberation Army Ground Force, Congolese Democratic Air Force , Japan Ground Self-Defence Force, Swedish Air Force, Royal Thai Air Force, Togolese Air Force.

AS332 Super Puma

The AS332 Super Puma is powered by a pair of Turbomeca Makila 1A1 turbo shaft engines which drive the rotorcraft’s four-bladed main rotor and five-bladed tail rotor as well two separate hydraulic systems and a pair of electrical alternators.

Fuel is housed in six internal fuel tanks, additional auxiliary and external tanks can be equipped for extended flight endurance.

For safety, the fuel tanks use a crashworthy plumbing design and fire detection and suppression systems are installed in the engine bay.

AS332 Super Puma

The monocoque tail boom is fitted with tail rotor strike protection, the forward portion of the boom accommodated a luggage compartment.

The retractable tricycle landing gear is designed for high energy absorption qualities.

The main cabin of the Super Puma, which is accessed via two sliding plug doors, used a reconfigurable floor arrangement, various passenger seating or cargo configurations can be adopted, including specialized configurations for medical operators.

According to Airbus Helicopters, in addition to the two pilots, the short-fuselage AS332 can accommodate up to 15 passengers while the stretched-fuselage AS332 increases this to 20 passengers in a comfortable configuration.

Soundproof upholstery is installed, as is separately-adjustable heating and ventilation systems.

Along with the doors, 12 windows around the main cabin area are jettisonable for emergency exits.

The lower fuselage can also be fitted with flotation gear.

A hatch in the floor to access the cargo sling pole is present in the cabin, as is individual stowage space for airborne equipment.

AS332 Super Puma

The flight control system of the Super Puma uses a total of 4 dual-body servo units for pitch control of the cyclic, collective, and tail rotor.

A duplex digital autopilot is also incorporated. The cockpit is equipped with dual flight controls.

AS332 Super Puma

Principle instrumentation consists of four multifunction liquid crystal displays along with two display and autopilot control panels; for redundancy, a single Integrated Standby Instrument System (ISIS) and Vehicle Monitoring System (VMS) are also fitted.

According to Airbus Helicopters, the avionics installed upon later variants has ensured a high level of operational safety.

AS332 Super Puma.
DoD photo by Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Geoffrey Lewis, U.S. Navy.

Third party firms have offered various upgrades for the Super Puma, these have included integrated flight management systems, global positioning systems (GPS) receivers, a digital map display, flight data recorders, an anti-collision warning system, Night Vision Goggles-compatibility, and multiple radios.

A navalized variant of the Super Puma has also been manufactured for performing anti-submarine warfare and anti-surface warfare missions.

AS332 Super Puma

In such a configuration, the Super Puma is modified with additional corrosion protection, a folding tail rotor boom, a deck-landing guidance system, sonar equipment, and the nose-mounted Omera search radar.

For the anti-surface role, it can be armed with a pair of Exocet anti-ship missiles.

AS332 Super Puma

Specifications-

Crew: 2

Capacity: 24 passengers plus attendant / 4,490 kg (9,899 lb)

Length: 16.79 m (55 ft 1 in) fuselage

18.7 m (61 ft) rotor turning

Height: 4.97 m (16 ft 4 in)

Empty weight: 4,660 kg (10,274 lb)

Max take off weight: 9,150 kg (20,172 lb)

AS332 Super Puma

Power plant: 2 × Turbomeca Makila 1A1 turboshaft, 1,376 kW (1,845 hp) each

Main rotor diameter: 16.2 m (53 ft 2 in)

Main rotor area: 206.12 m2 (2,218.7 sq ft)

Blade section: root: NACA 13112; tip: NACA 13106

Performance

Cruise speed: 277 km/h (172 mph, 150 kn) max,

247 km/h (153 mph; 133 kn) econ.

Never exceed speed: 327 km/h (203 mph, 177 kn)

Range: 851 km (529 mi, 460 nmi)

Service ceiling: 5,180 m (16,990 ft)

Rate of climb: 7.4 m/s (1,460 ft/min)

AS332 Super Puma.
Photo by Army Sgt. 1st Class Suzanne Ringle

Credits-

Aeroscopia Museum, Toulouse, France

Helicopters: An Illustrated History of Their Impact-Stanley McGowen

Jane’s pocket guide: Modern military helicopters- Tim Ripley

Wikipedia.

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