Vultee P-66 Vanguard

1st Flight 1939

The Vultee P-66 Vanguard (Company designation V-48) was a United States Army Air Forces fighter aircraft.

It was initially ordered by Sweden, but by the time the aircraft were ready for delivery in 1941, the United States would not allow them to be exported, designating them as P-66s and retaining them for defensive and training purposes.

Eventually, a large number were sent to China where they were pressed into service as combat aircraft with mixed results.

Variants

Model 48- Vultee company designation.

P-66 Vanguard-USAAC / USAAF trainer.

V-48-1st prototype.

V-48X-2nd prototype.

V-49C-export model for Sweden.

Vanguard I-RAF Designation, not used operationally.

Specifications

Crew: 1

Length: 28 ft 5 in (8.66 m)

Wingspan: 35 ft 10 in (10.92 m)

Wing area: 196.8 sq ft (18.28 m2)

Empty weight: 5,237 lb (2,375 kg)

Gross weight: 7,100 lb (3,221 kg)

Max take-off weight: 7,384 lb (3,349 kg)

Powerplant: 1 × Pratt & Whitney R-1830-33 14 Cyl twin row radial, 1,200 hp (890 kW)

Propellers: 3-bladed Hamilton Standard hydromatic

Performance

Maximum speed: 300 kn (340 mph, 550 km/h) at 15,000 ft

Cruise speed: 250 kn (290 mph, 470 km/h) at 17,000 ft

Stall speed: 71 kn (82 mph, 132 km/h)

Range: 740 nmi (850 mi, 1,370 km)

Service ceiling: 28,200 ft (8,600 m)

Rate of climb: 2,520 ft/min (12.8 m/s)

Armament

Guns: 4 × .30 in (7.62 mm) machine guns; 2 × .50 in (12.7 mm) machine guns.

 

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