Vought XTBU-1 / Consolidated TBY Sea Wolf

The Consolidated TBY & Vought XTBU-1 Sea Wolf was a United States Navy torpedo bomber of World War II.

A competitor and contemporary to the Grumman TBF Avenger, the Sea Wolf was subject to substantial delays and never saw combat, only 180 of the type were built before cancellation after VJ Day.

The original design was not by Consolidated Aircraft, but rather by Vought, who designed the then XTBU-1 Sea Wolf to a 1939 US Navy requirement.

The first prototype flew two weeks after Pearl Harbor.

Its performance was deemed superior to the Avenger and the Navy placed an order for 1,000 examples.


Vought XTBU-1 Sea Wolf

Prototype three-seat torpedo bomber powered by a R-2800-22 engine, one built.

  Consolidated TBY-1 Sea Wolf

Production variant of the XTBU-1, not built.

Consolidated TBY-2 Sea Wolf

TBY-1 with an additional radar pod mounted under starboard-wing, 180 built, a further 920 were cancelled.

Consolidated TBY-3 Sea Wolf

Improved variant, order for 600 cancelled, not built.





39 ft 2 in (11.94 m)


56 ft 11 in (17.35 m)


15 ft 6 in (4.72 m)

Wing area

440 sq ft (41 m2)



NACA 23018


NACA 23010

Empty weight

11,636 lb (5,278 kg)

Max take-off weight

18,940 lb (8,591 kg)


1 × Pratt & Whitney R-2800-22 Double Wasp 18-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engine, 2,100 hp (1,600 kW)


Maximum speed

312 mph (502 km/h, 271 kn) at 17,700 ft (5,395 m)

Cruise speed

156 mph (251 km/h, 136 kn)

Combat range

1,025 mi (1,650 km, 891 nmi) with one torpedo

Service ceiling

29,400 ft (9,000 m)

Rate of climb

1,770 ft/min (9.0 m/s)



1 × .50 in (12.7 mm) M2 Browning machine gun in cowling

2 × .50 in machine gun in the wings

1 × .50 in machine gun in dorsal turret

1 × .30 in (7.62 mm) M1919 Browning machine gun in ventral mount


Up to 2,000 lb (910 kg) of bombs or one torpedo.


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