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The SEPECAT Jaguar is an Anglo-French jet attack aircraft originally used by the British Royal Air Force and the French Air Force in the close air support and nuclear strike role.

It is still in service in upgraded form with the Indian Air Force.

Originally conceived in the 1960s as a jet trainer with a light ground attack capability, the requirement for the aircraft soon changed to include supersonic performance, reconnaissance and tactical nuclear strike roles.

A carrier-based variant was also planned for French Navy service, but this was cancelled in favour of the cheaper Dassault Super Étendard.

The aircraft were manufactured by SEPECAT (Société Européenne de Production de l’avion Ecole de Combat et d’Appui Tactique), a joint venture between Breguet and the British Aircraft Corporation, one of the first major joint-Anglo-French military aircraft programmes.

The Jaguar was exported to India, Oman, Ecuador and Nigeria.

With various air forces, the Jaguar was used in numerous conflicts and military operations in Mauritania, Chad, Iraq, Bosnia, and Pakistan, as well as providing a ready nuclear delivery platform for the United Kingdom, France, and India throughout the latter half of the Cold War and beyond.

In the Gulf War, the Jaguar was praised for its reliability and was a valuable coalition resource.

The aircraft served with the French Air Force as the main strike/attack aircraft until 1 July 2005, and with the Royal Air Force until the end of April 2007.

It was replaced by the Panavia Tornado and the Eurofighter Typhoon in the RAF and the Dassault Rafale in the French Air Force.

The Jaguar is an orthodox single-seat, swept-wing, twin-engine monoplane design, with tall tricycle-type retractable landing gear.

In its original configuration, it had a maximum take-off weight in the 15-tonne class: with a combat radius on internal fuel of 850 km (530 mi), giving the Jaguar a greater operational range than competitor aircraft such as the Mikoyan MiG-27. 

The aircraft had hardpoints fitted for an external weapons load of up to 10,000 lb (4,500 kg). 

Typical weapons fitted included the MATRA LR.F2 rocket pod, BAP 100-mm bombs, MATRA AS37 anti-radar missiles, AIM-9 Sidewinder missiles, and Rockeye cluster bombs. 

The RAF’s Jaguars gained several new weapons during the Gulf War, including CRV7 high-velocity rockets and American CBU-87 cluster bombs. 

Finally, the Jaguar was equipped with either a pair of French DEFA cannons, or British ADEN cannons.

The Jaguar International had the unusual option of overwing pylons, used for short-range air-to-air missiles, such as the Matra R550 Magic or the Sidewinder. This option freed up the under-wing pylons for other weapons and stores.

RAF Jaguars gained overwing pylons in the build-up to Operation Granby in 1990, but French Jaguars were not modified.



1 (A and S)

2 (B and E)


16.83 m (55 ft 3 in) (A and S) with minor variations dependent on nose configuration; 17.53 m (57.5 ft) (B and E) with minor variations dependent on nose probe type (AAR or pitot)


8.69 m (28 ft 6 in)


4.89 m (16 ft 1 in)

Wing area

24.18 m2 (260.3 sq ft)

Aspect ratio


Empty weight

7,000 kg (15,432 lb)

Gross weight

10,954 kg (24,149 lb) full internal fuel and 120 rpg

Max take-off weight

15,700 kg (34,613 lb) with external stores

Fuel capacity

4,200 l (1,100 US gal; 920 imp gal) internal, with provision for three 1,200 l (320 US gal; 260 imp gal) drop tanks on inboard and centre line pylons


2 × Rolls-Royce Turbomeca Adour Mk.102 afterburning turbofan engines,

22.75 kN (5,110 lbf) thrust each dry, 32.5 kN (7,300 lbf) with afterburner


Maximum speed

1,350 km/h (840 mph, 730 kn) Mach 1.1 at sea level

1,699 km/h (1,056 mph; 917 kn) Mach 1.6 at 11,000 m (36,000 ft)

Landing speed

213 km/h (132 mph; 115 kn)

Combat range

815 km (506 mi, 440 nmi) hi-lo-hi (internal fuel)

575 km (357 mi; 310 nmi) lo-lo-lo (internal fuel)

1,408 km (875 mi; 760 nmi) hi-lo-hi (with external fuel)

908 km (564 mi; 490 nmi) lo-lo-lo (with external fuel)

Ferry range

1,902 km (1,182 mi, 1,027 nmi) with full internal and external tanks

Service ceiling

14,000 m (46,000 ft)

G limits

+8.6 (ultimate load +12)

Time to altitude

9,145 m (30,003 ft) in 1 minute 30 seconds

Wing loading

649.3 kg/m2 (133.0 lb/sq ft) maximum


Adour Mk.102: 0.422

Adour Mk.104: 0.464

Adour Mk.811: 0.486

Take-off runs

580 m (1,900 ft) with typical tactical load

Take-off run to 15 m (49 ft)

940 m (3,080 ft) with typical tactical load

Landing run from 15 m (49 ft)

785 m (2,575 ft) with typical tactical load

Landing run

470 m (1,540 ft) with typical tactical load



2× 30 mm (1.181 in) calibre DEFA cannon with up to 150 rounds/gun


7 (4× under-wing, 2× over-wing and 1× centreline) with a capacity of 10,000 lb (4,500 kg), with provisions to carry combinations of:


8× Matra rocket pods with 18× SNEB 68 mm rockets each


AS.37 Martel anti-radar missiles


2× AIM-9 Sidewinder air-to-air missiles on over wing pylons

Anti-radiation missiles

DRDO Anti-Radiation Missile (Rudram-1) (Indian Air Force)

Anti-ship missile

Harpoon (Indian Air Force)

Precision-guided munition

DRDO Smart Anti-Airfield Weapon (Indian Air Force)

2× R550 Magic air-to-air missiles on over wing pylons,

AS-30L laser guided air-to-ground missile

1× AN-52 nuclear bomb


Various unguided or laser-guided bombs


2× WE177A nuclear bombs.



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