Saab JAS 39 Gripen

 

1st Flight 1988

The Saab JAS 39 Gripen is a light single-engine multirole fighter.

The Gripen has a delta wing and canard configuration with relaxed stability design and fly-by-wire flight controls.

Various versions have been built, grouped as A-, C- and E-series.

Variants

A-series single seater, JAS 39A or Gripen A: initial version that entered service with the Swedish Air Force in 1996.

A number have been upgraded to the C standard.

A-series two seater, JAS 39B or Gripen B: two-seat version of the 39A for training, specialized missions and type conversion.

To fit the second crew member and life support systems, the internal cannon and an internal fuel tank were removed and the airframe lengthened 0.66 m (2 ft 2 in).

C-series single seater, JAS 39C, or Gripen C: NATO-compatible version with extended capabilities in terms of armament, electronics, etc.

Can be refuelled in flight.

Variant was first delivered on 6 September 2002.

C-series two seater, JAS 39D, or Gripen D: two-seat version of the 39C, with similar alterations as the 39B.

E-series single seater Gripen NG: improved version following on from the Gripen Demo technology demonstrator.

Changes from the JAS 39C/D include the more powerful F414G engine, Raven ES-05 AESA radar, increased fuel capacity and payload, two additional hard points, and other improvements.

These improvements have reportedly increased the Gripen NG costs to an estimated 24,000 Swiss Francs (US$27,000) per hour, and increased the flyaway cost to 100 million Swiss Francs (US$113M).

E-series single seater, JAS 39E or Gripen E: single-seat production version developed from the Gripen NG program, priced at US$85 million a unit.

Sweden and Brazil have ordered the variant.

Brazil’s designation for this variant is F-39E

E-series two seater, JAS 39F or Gripen F: two-seat version of the E variant. Eight ordered by Brazil, to be developed and assembled in São Bernardo do Campo, Brazil; planned for pilot training and combat, being optimized for back seat air battle management, with jamming, information warfare and network attack, besides weapon system officer and electronic warfare roles.

Brazil’s designation for the variant is F-39F.

Specifications

Crew: 1 JAS 39E / 2 JAS 39F

Length: 15.2 m (49 ft 10 in) JAS 39E

15.9 m (52 ft) JAS 39F

Wingspan: 8.6 m (28 ft 3 in)

Height: 4.5 m (14 ft 9 in)

Wing area: 30 m2 (320 sq ft)

Empty weight: 8,000 kg (17,637 lb)

Max take-off weight: 16,500 kg (36,376 lb)

Fuel capacity: 3,400 kg (7,500 lb) (internal)

Payload: 5,100 kg (11,200 lb)

Powerplant: 1 × General Electric RM16 (F414-GE-39E) afterburning turbofan engine, 61.83kN (13,900 lbf) thrust dry, 98 kN (22,000 lbf) with afterburner

Performance

Maximum speed: 2,460 km/h (1,530 mph, 1,330 kn) +

Maximum speed: Mach 2

Combat range: 1,500 km (930 mi, 810 nmi) +

Ferry range: 4,000 km (2,500 mi, 2,200 nmi) +

Service ceiling: 16,000 m (52,000 ft)

g limits: +9 -3

Wing loading: 283 kg/m2 (58 lb/sq ft)

Thrust/weight: 1.04

Take-off distance: 500 m (1,640 ft)

Landing distance: 600 m (1,969 ft)

Armament

Guns: 1 × 27 mm Mauser BK-27 revolver cannon with 120 rounds (single-seat models only)

Hard points: 10 (three hard points under fuselage, two under each wing, one on each wing tip, and one dedicated for FLIR / LD / Recon pod) with a capacity of 5,300 kg (11,700 lb),with provisions to carry combinations of:

Missiles:

9 × IRIS-T (Rb.98), AIM-9 Sidewinder (Rb.74) or A-Darter

7 × MBDA Meteor (Rb.101)

2 × KEPD.350

6 × Rbs.15F anti-ship missile

Bombs:

7 × GBU-12 Paveway II laser-guided bomb

8 × Mark 82 bombs

16 × GBU-39 SDB

12 × Alternative small-diameter glide bomb

Other:

1 × ALQ-TLS electronic countermeasures (ECM) pod

1 × Digital Joint Reconnaissance Pod

1 × Rafael Reccelite Reconnaissance Pod

1 × Litening III Targeting pod

Avionics

Selex ES-05 Raven AESA radar

Skyward-G IRST system

Air-to-air and air-to-surface tactical data link system

Wide Area Display, WAD, single screen display

Targo helmet mounted display (HMD)

ANVIS advanced night vision system/head up display (HUD).

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