Saab 32 Lansen

The Saab 32 Lansen is a two-seat, transonic military aircraft designed and for the Swedish Air Force (Flygvapnet).

Three principal variants of the Lansen were built for attack (A 32A), fighter (J 32B), and reconnaissance (S 32C).

During its long operational life, the Saab 32 also served as an electronic warfare platform and target-tug aircraft.

Variants

A 32A

Ground-attack and maritime-strike version.

287 aircraft built between 1955 and 1957, retired in 1978.

Armed with four 20 mm Bofors M/49 cannons and could carry two SAAB RB 04 missiles, unguided rocket pods and a variety of different bombs up to 3×600 kg bombs.

J 32B

All-weather fighter version initially operated only for bad weather and night fighter duties.

Two prototypes and 118 production aircraft built between 1958 and 1960, retired in 1973.

Armed with four 30 mm ADEN guns, Rb 24 missiles (license-built AIM-9 Sidewinder), or 75 mm unguided rocket pods.

J 32B was powered by more powerful Svenska Flygmotor RM6A (Rolls-Royce Avon Mk 47A) engine.

S 32C

Specialized maritime and photo reconnaissance version developed from A 32A, 45 aircraft built between 1958 and 1959, retired in 1978.

Equipped with PS-432/A radar with extended range and with four cameras – two SKa 17 and two SKa 18.

J 32D

Target tug version, Six J 32B were modified, retired in 1997.

J 32E

ECM (electronic warfare and countermeasures) version used for ECM training.

Fourteen J 32B were modified, retired in 1997.

Aircraft was equipped with jamming system G 24 in one of three versions (for L, S or C bands) used for jamming ground and naval radars.

Additionally Adrian (for S and C bands) and Petrus (for X band) pods were used for jamming aerial radars.

J 32S/J16

In 1969, 4  X J32B versions were modified to become a ‘snow remover’ by using the heat from the engine to melt snow and ice.

The wings and the tail were removed and a small cabin was added on top of the fuselage.

Where the engine outlet had been earlier, there was now a squared section added to were the tail had been, this lead the air down to the ground were it would melt snow.

The type was only tested and evaluated at F21 until 1971, when the project was cancelled.

The project was cancelled due to low efficiency and a very high fuel-consumption.

There were other problems such as the welds breaking because of the high heat.

Specifications

Crew

2

Length

14.94 m (49 ft 0 in)

Wingspan

13 m (42 ft 8 in)

Height

4.65 m (15 ft 3 in)

Wing area

37.4 m2 (403 sq ft)

Airfoil

NACA 64A010

Empty weight

7,500 kg (16,535 lb)

Max take-off weight

13,500 kg (29,762 lb)

Powerplant

1 × Svenska Flygmotor RM6A afterburning turbojet engine, 47 kN (11,000 lbf) thrust dry, 65.3 kN (14,700 lbf) with afterburner

Performance

Maximum speed

1,200 km/h (750 mph, 650 kn)

Range

2,000 km (1,200 mi, 1,100 nmi)

Service ceiling

15,000 m (49,000 ft)

Rate of climb

100 m/s (20,000 ft/min)

Armament

Guns

4 × 30 mm ADEN cannons 90 rounds each

Rockets

4 × 75 mm air-to-air rocket pods

Missiles

4 × Rb 24 air-to-air missiles.

 

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