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Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.3


The Royal Aircraft Factory F.E.3 was a British experimental single engined pusher biplane built prior to the First World War.

It was intended to be fitted with a shell firing gun, but was quickly abandoned, being found to be structurally unsound.

In 1913, the Royal Aircraft Factory designed an experimental armed pusher biplane, the F.E.3, with the alternative designation A.E.1 (“Armed Experimental”).

The F.E.3 was to carry a Coventry Ordnance Works 1½ lb shell-firing quick loading gun.

In order to reduce the drag associated with the pusher layout favoured for gun carrying aircraft, the tail was carried on a single tubular tail boom connected by bearings to the four bladed propeller, with bracing wires running to the wings and undercarriage.

The crew of two, gunner and pilot, sat in tandem in a wood and metal nacelle.

The aircraft was powered by a single water cooled Chenu inline engine mounted in the nose of the nacelle, connected to a long shaft running under the cockpit which drove the propeller using a chain drive.

The gun was to fire through the cooling intake for the engine.

It flew in the summer of 1913, but testing was stopped after the aircraft’s propeller broke in flight resulting in a forced landing.

Flight testing did not resume, as it was realised that the tail boom was not strong enough to allow safe flying.

Although the F.E.3 did not fly again, the gun installation was test fired with the aircraft suspended from a hangar roof, showing that recoil loads were not excessive.





29 ft 3 in (8.92 m)


40 ft 0 in (12.19 m)


11 ft 3 in (3.43 m)

Wing area

436.5 sq ft (40.55 m2)

Empty weight

1,400 lb (635 kg)

Max take-off weight

2,080 lb (943 kg)


1 × Chenu water cooled inline engine,

100 hp (75 kW)


4 bladed


Maximum speed

75 mph (121 km/h, 65 kn) at sea level

Service ceiling

5,000 ft (1,500 m)

Rate of climb

350 ft/min (1.8 m/s)

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