Mitsubishi G3M

The Mitsubishi G3M, Type 96 land-based attack aircraft,  was a Japanese bomber and transport aircraft used by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service during World War II.

Variants

Ka-15

Prototype with either Hiro Type 91 (559 kW/750 hp), Mitsubishi Kinsei 2 (619 kW/830 hp), or Mitsubishi Kinsei 3 (679 kW/910 hp) engines and glass or solid nose, 21 built.

G3M1a/c

Redesignated prototypes powered by Hiro Type 91 or Mitsubishi Kinsei engines, glass nose.

G3M1 Model 11

Land-based attack bomber navy Type 96 first series model.

Major extension of the cabin with a revised cover, some with fixed-pitch propeller, 34 built.

G3M1-L

G3M1 converted into an armed or unarmed military transport version and powered by Mitsubishi Kinsei 45 (802 kW/1,075 hp) engines.

G3M2 Model 21

More powerful engines and increased fuel capacity, dorsal turret; 343 constructed by Mitsubishi, 412 G3M2 and G3M3 manufactured by Nakajima.

G3M2 Model 22

Upper and belly turrets substituted for one upper turret, glass side positions. 238 built.

G3M3 Model 23

More powerful engines and increased fuel capacity for longer range, constructed by Nakajima.

L3Y1 Model 11

Transport navy Type 96, advanced conversion of G3M1 armed transport, built by Yokosuka.

L3Y2 Model 12

Modification of G3M2 with Mitsubishi Kinsei engines, built by Yokosuka.

Mitsubishi twin-engined transport

Around two dozen G3M2 Model 21 bombers converted for use by civil operators such as Nippon Koku K.K..

Nippon

One of the twin engined transports converted to carry out a round the world flight in 1939 on behalf of the Mainichi Shimbun newspaper.

Specifications

Crew

7

Length

16.45 m (54 ft 0 in)

Wingspan

25 m (82 ft 0 in)

Height

3.68 m (12 ft 1 in)

Wing area

75 m2 (810 sq ft)

Empty weight

4,965 kg (10,946 lb)

Gross weight

8,000 kg (17,637 lb)

Fuel capacity

3,874 l (852.2 imp gal; 1,023.4 US gal)

Powerplant

2 × Mitsubishi Kinsei 14-cyl. air-cooled radial piston engines, 791 kW (1,061 hp) each

Performance

Maximum speed

375 km/h (233 mph, 202 kn)

Cruise speed

280 km/h (170 mph, 150 kn)

Range

4,400 km (2,700 mi, 2,400 nmi)

Service ceiling

9,200 m (30,200 ft)

Rate of climb

6 m/s (1,200 ft/min)

Armament

Guns

1× 20 mm (0.79 in) Type 99 cannon in rear dorsal turret

4× 7.7 mm (0.30 in) Type 92 machine gun in cockpit, left and right side positions, and in retractable forward dorsal turret.

Bombs

800 kg (1,800 lb) of bombs or one aerial torpedo.

 

 

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