Macchi MC.205 Veltro

The Macchi C.205/MC.205, was an Italian World War II fighter aircraft.

The C.205 was a development of the earlier C.202 Folgore.

With a top speed of some 640 km/h (400 mph) and equipped with a pair of 20 mm cannon as well as 12.7 mm Breda machine guns, the Macchi C.205 Veltro was highly respected by Allied and Axis pilots alike.

Widely regarded as one of the best Italian aircraft of World War II, it proved to be extremely effective, destroying a large number of Allied bombers.

The Macchi C. 205 proved capable of meeting fighters such as the North American P-51D Mustang on equal terms, which encouraged the Luftwaffe to use a number of these aircraft to equip one Gruppe.

Variants

With limited production and service life, the C.205 saw only a few modifications.

After the first 100 examples, the wing-mounted 7.7 mm (.303 in) machine guns were replaced with a couple of 20 mm MG 151 cannon.

M.C.205

One prototype armed with two 12.7 mm (0.5 in) and two 7.7 mm (0.303 in) machine guns.

M.C.205V

Main production version.

M.C.205S

Long-range escort fighter with a 200 L (53 US gal) fuel tank replacing the fuselage machine guns; 18 converted from production aircraft.

M.C.205N

Proposed DB 605-powered fighter with a more significant design revision than the C.202-derived C.205V.

The aircraft had a new wing with the wingspan increased to 11.25 m (36 ft 11 in) and wing area increased to 19 m2 (204.5 ft2), and a lengthened fuselage that brought the length to 9.65 m.

Also, the fuselage was finally adapted for a 20 mm MG 151 cannon.

The heavier weight resulted in decreased performance and handling.

M.C.205N-1

High-altitude interceptor fighter prototype.

Armed with four 12.7 mm (0.5 in) machine guns mounted in the fuselage, and one 20 mm cannon mounted in the engine.

M.C.205N-2 Orione

High-altitude interceptor fighter prototype.

Armed with three 20 mm cannon and two 12.7 mm (0.5 in) machine guns.

The machine gun bulges were replaced by a streamlined fairing.

M.C.206

Similar armament to the C.205N/1 with a larger yet lighter wing (21m2).

Reduced weight resulting in performances similar to that of the C.205V again.

The larger wing would have enabled it to fight at higher altitudes.

Single prototype destroyed by Allied bombing before being completed.

M.C.207

Powered by a Daimler-Benz DB 603 engine.

Other than that, similar to C.206 but with armament of four 20 mm cannon, none built.

Specifications

Crew

1

Length

8.85 m (29 ft 0 in)

Wingspan

10.58 m (34 ft 9 in)

Height

3.04 m (10 ft 0 in)

Wing area

16.8 m2 (181 sq ft)

Airfoil

Root: NACA 23018 (modified)

Tip: NACA 23009 (modified)

Empty weight

2,581 kg (5,690 lb)

Gross weight

3,408 kg (7,513 lb)

Max take-off weight

3,900 kg (8,598 lb)

Powerplant

1 × Fiat RA.1050 R.C.58 Tifone V-12 inverted liquid-cooled piston engine, 1,100 kW (1,500 hp)

Propellers

3-bladed constant-speed propeller

Performance

Maximum speed

642 km/h (399 mph, 347 kn) at 7,200 m (23,600 ft)

Cruise speed

400 km/h (250 mph, 220 kn)

Range

950 km (590 mi, 510 nmi)

Service ceiling

11,500 m (37,700 ft)

Time to altitude

3,000 m (9,800 ft) in 2 minutes 40 seconds

Wing loading

202.9 kg/m2 (41.6 lb/sq ft)

Armament

Guns

2 × 12.7 mm (.5 in) Breda-SAFAT machine guns, 400 rpg, in the nose

2 × 20 mm MG 151 cannon, 250 rpg, in the wings

Bombs

2 × 160 kg (350 lb).

 

 

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