Lockheed F-94 Starfire

The Lockheed F-94 Starfire was a first-generation jet aircraft of the United States Air Force.

It was developed from the twin-seat Lockheed T-33 Shooting Star in the late 1940s as an all-weather, day/night interceptor.

The aircraft reached operational service in May 1950 with Air Defence Command, replacing the piston-engined North American F-82 Twin Mustang in the all-weather interceptor role.

Variants

YF-94

TF-80Cs converted into YF-94 prototypes, two built.

F-94A

Initial production version, 109 built.

YF-94B

One F-94A modified on the production line with new flight director, modified hydraulic systems, and two enlarged wingtip tanks.

F-94B

Production model based on YF-94B, 355 built.

YF-94C

F-94Bs modified with Pratt and Whitney J48 engine, leading edge rocket pods, and swept tailplane, originally designated YF-97A, two modified.

F-94C Starfire

Production version of the YF-94C with longer nose, gun armament replaced with nose mounted rockets, and provision for under fuselage JATO rockets, originally designated F-97A, 387 built.

EF-94C

Test aircraft for proposed reconnaissance variant

YF-94D

Prototype single-seat close support fighter version based on the F-94C, one partly built but construction was abandoned when program was cancelled.

F-94D

Production version of the YF-94D, 112 on order cancelled, none built.

YF-97A

Original designation of the YF-94C.

F-97A

Original designation of the F-94C.

Specifications

Crew

2

Length

44 ft 6 in (13.56 m)

Wingspan

42 ft 5 in (12.93 m)

Height

14 ft 11 in (4.55 m)

Wing area

232.8 sq ft (21.63 m2)

Empty weight

12,708 lb (5,764 kg)

Gross weight

18,300 lb (8,301 kg)

Max take-off weight

24,184 lb (10,970 kg)

Powerplant

1 × Pratt & Whitney J48-P-5 centrifugal-flow turbojet engine, 6,350 lbf (28.2 kN) thrust dry, 8,750 lbf (38.9 kN) with afterburner

Performance

Maximum speed

640 mph (1,030 km/h, 560 kn)

Maximum speed

Mach 0.84

Range

805 mi (1,296 km, 700 nmi)

Ferry range

1,275 mi (2,052 km, 1,108 nmi)

Service ceiling

51,400 ft (15,700 m)

Rate of climb

7,980 ft/min (40.5 m/s)

Wing loading

78.6 lb/sq ft (384 kg/m2)

Thrust/weight

0.48

Armament

Rockets

24 or 48 × 2.75 in (70 mm) Mk 4/Mk 40 Folding-Fin Aerial Rockets

Avionics

AN/APG-40 radar.

 

 

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