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Junkers T 19 / T 23 / T 26 / T 27

The Junkers T 19, originally known as the J 19, was a single-engined parasol winged all-metal 2/3-seat aircraft built in Germany in the early 1920s for training and touring.


T 19

The T 19 first flew on 14 July 1922, powered by a 55 hp (41 kW) Siemens-Halske Sh 4 5-cylinder radial engine.

Two more T 19s were flown, one with a 77 hp (57 kW) 7-cylinder Sh 5 engine and the other with a 110 hp (82 kW) 9-cylinder Sh 12.

The second T 19 was used as an engine test bed and was the first aircraft to fly with Junkers’ first flight petrol engine, the air-cooled 75 hp (56 kW) 6-cylinder inline L1 of 1921.

It also flew with a 1926 Armstrong Siddeley Genet.

The third T 19 was sold to India.

Junkers T 23D

The Junkers T 23 was a two-seat, single-engined experimental training aircraft, built in Germany in the early 1920s.

It could be configured either as a parasol winged monoplane (T.23E) or as a biplane (T.23D) to compare handling characteristics.

4 were constructed.

Junkers T 26 

An aerodynamically refined version of the T 23, powered by an air-cooled Junkers L1a 62 kW (83 hp) 6-cylinder inline engine.

The latter was mounted in a circular cowling like that used on the T 19, its diameter determined by the large circular blower on the front of the L1a, with cylinder heads exposed.

This installation increased the length by 280 mm (11 in).

Like the T 23, it came in D and E configurations. Slightly slower than the T 23 but almost double the range (345 km, 214 mi).

It was again too expensive for flying schools. It first flown 23 October 1923.

No more than 11 were built.

Junkers T 27

A single T 26D was re-engined with a 95 kW (128 hp), 9-cylinder Clerget 9Z, flying in 1925.





1/2 passengers


6.12 m (20 ft 1 in)


11.25 m (36 ft 11 in)


2.77 m (9 ft 1 in)

Wing area

19.0 m2 (205 sq ft)

Empty weight

525 kg (1,158 lb)

Gross weight

761 kg (1,677 lb)


1 × Armstrong Siddeley Genet,

5-cylinder radial,

60 kW (80 hp)


Maximum speed

134 km/h (83 mph, 72 kn)

Cruise speed

109 km/h (68 mph, 59 kn)

Service ceiling

4,000 m (13,000 ft).



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