Junkers Ju-87

The Junkers Ju 87 or Stuka was a German dive-bomber and ground attack aircraft.

Designed by Hermann Pohlmann, it first flew in 1935.

The Ju 87 made its combat debut in 1937 with the Luftwaffe’s Condor Legion during the Spanish Civil War of 1936-1939 and served with Axis forces during World War II.

Variants

Prototypes

Ju 87 V1.

Flown on 17 September 1935

Ju 87 V2.

Registration D-IDQR.

Flown on 25 February 1936.

Flown again as registration D-UHUH on 4 June 1937

Ju 87 V3.

Flown on 27 March 1936

Ju 87 V4.

Flown on 20 June 1936

Ju 87 V5

Flown on 14 August 1936

Production variants

Ju 87 A-0

Ten pre-production aircraft, powered by a 640 PS (471 kW or 632 hp) Jumo 210C engine.

Ju 87 A-1

Initial production version.

Ju 87 A-2

Production version fitted with an improved 680 PS (500 kW or 670 hp) Jumo 210E engine.

Ju 87 V6.

Flown on 14 June 1937 (A-0 to B-0 conversion)

Ju 87 V7.

Prototype of the Ju 87B, powered by a 1,000 PS (735 kW or 986 hp) Jumo 211A.

Flown on 23 August 1937 (A-0 to B-0 conversion)

Ju 87 V8.

Flown on 11 November 1937

Ju 87 V9.

Flown on 16 February 1938 as D-IELZ.

Flown again as WL-IELZ on 16 October 1939

Ju 87 V10

Registration D-IHFH (changed to Stammkennzeichen of TK+HD). 

First flown 17 March 1938

Ju 87 V11 Stammkennzeichen. 

First flown 12 May 1938

Ju 87 V15.

Destroyed in a crash in 1942.

Ju 87 V16 Stammkennzeichen.

Ju 87 V17 and Ju 87 V18 may never have been built.

Ju 87 V 21.

Airframe conversion from B-1 to D-1.

First flown on 1 March 1941.

Ju 87 V 22 Stammkennzeichen. 

Also airframe conversion from B-1 to D-1.

First flown on 1 March 1941.

Ju 87 V 23 Stammkennzeichen.

Also airframe conversion from B-1 to D-1.

First flown on 1 March 1941.

Ju 87 V 24 Stammkennzeichen.

Also airframe conversion from B-1 to D-1/D-4.

First flown on 1 March 1941.

Ju 87 V 25 Stammkennzeichen.

Also airframe conversion from B-1 to D-4 trop.

First flown on 1 March 1941.

Ju 87 V 30

The only known prototype of the Ju 87 D-5.

First flown on 20 June 1943.

Ju 87 V 26-28, Ju 87 V 31, and V 42-47 were experiments of unknown variants.

Specifications

Ju 87B-1

Crew

2

Length

11.10 m (36 ft 5 in)

Wingspan

13.805 m (45 ft 3.5 in)

Height

4.01 m (13 ft 2 in)

Wing area

31.900 m2 (343.37 sq ft)

Airfoil

Göttingen 256

Empty weight

2,712 kg (5,980 lb)

Empty equipped weight

2,760 kg (6,090 lb)

Max take-off weight

4,336 kg (9,560 lb)

Powerplant

1 × Junkers Jumo 211Da V-12 inverted liquid-cooled piston engine, 890 kW (1,200 hp) for take-off

820 kW (1,100 hp) at 1,500 m (4,920 ft)

Propellers

3-bladed Junkers constant-speed propeller

Performance

Maximum speed

339.6 km/h (211.0 mph, 183.4 kn) at sea level

383 km/h (238 mph; 207 kn) at 4,087 m (13,410 ft)

Cruise speed

209 km/h (130 mph, 113 kn) at 4,572 m (15,000 ft)

Range

595.5 km (370.0 mi, 321.5 nmi) with 500 kg (1,102 lb) bomb

789 km (490 mi; 426 nmi) without bomb load

Rate of climb

2.3 m/s (450 ft/min)

Time to altitude

1,000 m (3,281 ft) in 2 minutes

2,000 m (6,562 ft) in 4 minutes 18 seconds

3,716 m (12,190 ft) in 12 minutes

Armament

Guns

2× 7.92 mm (0.312 in) MG 17 machine gun forward, 1× 7.92 mm (0.312 in) MG 15 machine gun to rear

Bombs

1× 250 kg (550 lb) bomb beneath the fuselage and 4× 50 kg (110 lb) under-wing.

 

 

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