Junkers Ju-86

The Junkers Ju 86 was a German monoplane bomber designed in the early 1930s, and employed by various air forces on both sides during World War II. 

Variants

Ju 86abl

First bomber prototype.

Ju 86bal

Second transport prototype.

Ju 86cb

Third bomber prototype.

Ju 86V5

Prototype for the Ju 86A bomber aircraft.

Ju 86A-0

13 pre-production bomber aircraft.

Ju 86A-1

Initial bomber version.

Ju 86B-0

Seven pre-production transport aircraft.

Ju 86D-1

Bomber version.

Ju 86E-1

Bomber version for the Luftwaffe, powered by two BMW 132F radial engines.

Ju 86E-2

Powered by two BMW 132N radials.

Ju 86G-1

Fitted with a round glass nose.

Ju 86E-2

Uprated version of the Ju 86E-1.

Ju 86K-1

Export version for South Africa and Sweden.

Ju 86K-2

Export version for Hungary.

Ju 86K-4

Export version for Sweden, similar to the Ju 86K-1, but fitted with two Bristol Pegasus III radials.

Ju 86K-5

Swedish-built bomber aircraft, powered by two Swedish-built Bristol Pegasus XII radials.

Ju 86K-6

Export version for Chile and Portugal.

Ju 86K-7

Export version for Austria with BMW 132 radials.

Ju 86K-13

Swedish-built bomber aircraft, fitted with Swedish or Polish-built Pegasus engines.

Ju 86P-1

High-altitude bomber version, fitted with two Jumo 207 diesel engines and with turbochargers.

Ju 86P-2

High-altitude photo reconnaissance version, still equipped for bombing.

Same engines as P-1.

Ju 86R-1

High-altitude photo reconnaissance version.

Retained Jumo 207 engines.

Ju 86R-2

High-altitude bomber version.

Ju 86R-3

Powered by two Jumo 208 engines.

Specifications

Crew

Length

16.46 m (54 ft 0 in)

Wingspan

32 m (105 ft 0 in)

Height

4.08 m (13 ft 5 in)

Wing area

97.06 m2 (1,044.7 sq ft)

Empty weight

6,780 kg (14,947 lb)

Max take-off weight

11,530 kg (25,419 lb)

Fuel capacity

1,937 l (512 US gal; 426 imp gal)

Powerplant

2 × Junkers Jumo 207B-3 6-cylinder liquid-cooled 2-stroke opposed-piston diesel engines, 750 kW (1,000 hp) each for take-off

560 kW (750 hp) at 12,000 m (40,000 ft) with GM-1 Nitrous Oxide injection

Propellers

4-bladed constant-speed propellers

Performance

Maximum speed

420 km/h (260 mph, 230 kn) at 9,000 m (30,000 ft)

370 km/h (230 mph; 200 kn) at 9,000 m (30,000 ft)

Cruise speed

250 km/h (160 mph, 130 kn) at 13,700 m (44,900 ft)

Range

1,750 km (1,090 mi, 940 nmi)

Endurance

7 hours 10 minutes

Service ceiling

14,400 m (47,200 ft).

 

 

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