Junkers Ju-52

The Junkers Ju 52 is a transport aircraft that was designed and manufactured by German aviation company Junkers.

Military Variants

Ju 52/3mg3e

Improved military version, powered by three 541 kW (725 hp) BMW 132A-3 (improved version of the Pratt & Whitney R-1690 Hornet) radial engines, equipped with an improved radio and bomb-release mechanism.

Later versions had a tail wheel that replaced the tailskid.

Ju 52/3mg4e

Military transport version, the tail skid was replaced by a tail wheel.

Ju 52/3mg5e

Similar to g4e, but powered by three 619 kW (830 hp) BMW 132T-2 engines, it could be fitted with interchangeable floats, skis, and wheeled landing gear.

Ju 52/3mg6e

Transport version equipped with extra radio gear and autopilot, could also be fitted with a degaussing ring

Ju 52/3mg7e

Transport version, capable of carrying 18 troops or 12 stretchers, featured autopilot and larger cargo doors

Ju 52/3mg8e

Similar to g6e, but with improved radio and direction finding gear, a few were fitted with floats.

Ju 52/3mg9e

Tropical version of g4e for service in North Africa, fitted with glider towing gear and strengthened undercarriage

Ju 52/3mg10e

Similar to g9e, but could be fitted with floats or wheels, lacked de-icing equipment

Ju 52/3mg11e

Similar to g10e, but fitted with de-icing equipment

Ju 52/3mg12e

Land transport version, powered by three BMW 132L engines

Ju 52/3mg13e

No details are known.

Ju 52/3mg14e

Similar to g8e, but with improved armour, last German production version

A.A.C. 1 Toucan

Post war French version of g11e, 415 built

CASA 352

Post war Spanish version, 106 built


Spanish version with Spanish 578 kW (775 hp) ENMA Beta B-4 (license-built BMW 132) engines, 64 built


Designation assigned to a single example operated by the United States Army Air Forces


Designation used by the Czechoslovak Air Force


Designation used by the Spanish Air Force

Tp 5

Designation used by the Swedish Air Force

K 45c

A single Ju 52/1mce (c/n 4004) was delivered to the Junkers factory at Limhamn in Sweden, where it was converted to a torpedo bomber as the K 45c.


Junkers Ju 52/3m g3e




17 passengers


18.90 m (62 ft 0 in)


29.248 m (95 ft 11.5 in)


5.550 m (18 ft 2.5 in)

Wing area

110.5000 m2 (1,189.412 sq ft)

Empty weight

5,720 kg (12,610 lb)

Gross weight

9,500 kg (20,944 lb)

Max take-off weight

10,499 kg (23,146 lb)


3 × BMW 132A-3 9-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engines, 541 kW (725 hp) each for take-off


2-bladed variable-pitch propeller


Maximum speed

265.5 km/h (165.0 mph, 143.4 kn) at sea level

276.8 km/h (172.0 mph; 149.5 kn) at 910 metres (3,000 ft)

Cruise speed

246 km/h (153 mph, 133 kn) maximum continuous at 910 metres (3,000 ft)

209 km/h (130 mph; 113 kn) economical cruise


998 km (620 mi, 539 nmi)

Service ceiling

5,900 m (19,360 ft)

Rate of climb

3.9 m/s (770 ft/min)

Time to altitude

910 metres (3,000 ft) in 17 minutes 30 seconds

Wing loading

83.35 kg/m2 (17.07 lb/sq ft)


7.95 kg/kW



1 × 7.92 mm (0.312 in) MG 15 machine gun or 13 mm (0.512 in) MG 131 machine gun in a dorsal position

1 × 7.92 mm (0.312 in) MG 15 machine gun in a semi-retractable dustbin turret


Up to 500 kilograms (1,100 lb) of bombs.


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