Junkers Ju 290

The Junkers Ju 290 was a large German, four-engine long-range transport, maritime patrol aircraft and heavy bomber used by the Luftwaffe late in World War II that had been developed from an earlier airliner.

Variants

Hitler’s personal transport

On 26 November 1943, Ju 290 A-5, no. 0170, along with many other new aircraft and prototypes, was shown to Adolf Hitler at Insterburg, East Prussia.

Hitler was impressed by its potential and told Göring that he wanted a Ju 290 for his personal use. 

A Ju 290 was not however assigned to the Fliegerstaffel des Fuehrers (FdF) until late 1944, when an A-7 was supplied, works number 0192, which had formerly been assigned to FAGr 5.

Modifications were completed by February 1945 at the FdF’s base at Pocking, Bavaria, a Stammkennzeichen alphabetic designation code of KR+LW being applied.

Hitler’s pilot, Hans Baur, tested the aircraft, but Hitler never flew in it.

Ju 290Z Zwilling

Junkers project documents from 1942 to 1944 indicate that a Zwilling variant was proposed.

It was to be composed of two Ju 290 fuselages and powered by eight BMW 9-801 engines, two mounted on each outboard wing and four on the inboard wing.

It was to carry a single Messerschmitt Me 328 parasite fighter on top of the right fuselage.

The Ju 290Z was cancelled in favour of the Ju 390.

Specifications

Crew

9

Length

28.64 m (94 ft 0 in)

Wingspan

42 m (137 ft 10 in)

Height

6.83 m (22 ft 5 in)

Wing area

205.3 m2 (2,210 sq ft)

Empty weight

24,000 kg (52,911 lb)

Gross weight

40,970 kg (90,323 lb)

Max take-off weight

44,969 kg (99,140 lb)

Powerplant

4 × BMW 801D 14-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engines, 1,300 kW (1,700 hp) each for take-off

1,080 kW (1,450 hp) at 2,000 m (6,560 ft)

980 kW (1,310 hp) at 5,800 m (19,030 ft)

Propellers

3-bladed constant-speed propellers

Performance

Maximum speed

439 km/h (273 mph, 237 kn) at 5,800 m (19,030 ft)

Cruise speed

360.5 km/h (224.0 mph, 194.7 kn) at 5,800 m (19,030 ft)

Range

6,148 km (3,820 mi, 3,320 nmi) with 21,003 l (5,548 US gal; 4,620 imp gal)

Service ceiling

6,000 m (19,685 ft)

Time to altitude

1,860 m (6,090 ft) in 9 minutes 48 seconds at 90,323 lb (40,970 kg)

Armament

Guns

2 × 20 mm (0.787 in) MG 151/20 cannons in dorsal turrets

1 × 20 mm (0.787 in) MG 151/20 in tail

2 × 20 mm (0.787 in) MG 151/20s at waist

1 × 20 mm (0.787 in) MG 151/20 in gondola

2 × 13 mm (0.512 in) MG 131 machine guns in gondola

Bombs

Bomber versions could carry up to 3,000 kg (6,600 lb) of disposable stores or up to three Fritz X or Henschel Hs 293 radio-guided munitions, though these were not widely used

Avionics

FuG 200 Hohentwiel radar.

 

 

 

 

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