IAR 37 / 38 / 39

1st Flight 1937

The IAR 37 was a 1930s Romanian reconnaissance & light bomber aircraft.

The aircraft entered service with the Royal Romanian Air Force in 1938 and, by the end of the 1940, they equipped a large number of squadrons.

When Romania supported the German offensive against the Soviet Union 15 of the 18 reconnaissance squadrons were equipped with IAR biplanes.

The IAR 39 was used by most of the reconnaissance squadrons involved in the 1941 offensive against the Soviet Union.

When the new post-war government was formed in 1947, a smaller number of IAR 39s were used by the new Romanian Air Force for training and liaison.

Variants

IAR 37

Initial production.

Powered by IAR K14-II C32 – 649 kW (870 hp) engine. 50 built (IAR).

IAR 38

Powered by 522 kW (700 hp) BMW 132A engine owing to unavailability of K14.

Taller tail, 75 built (IAR).

IAR 39

Revised version of IAR 38 reverting to IAR K.14-III C36 – 690 kW (930 hp) engine.

255 built (95 at IAR and 160 at SET).

Specifications

Crew: 3

Length: 9.60 m (31 ft 6 in)

Wingspan: 13.10 m (42 ft 11.75 in)

Height: 3.99 m (13 ft 1 in)

Wing area: 40.30 m2 (433.80 sq ft)

Empty weight: 2,177 kg (4,799 lb)

Gross weight: 3,085 kg (6,801 lb)

Powerplant: 1 × IAR K.14-IV C32 radial piston , 716 kW (960 hp)

Performance

Maximum speed: 336 km/h (209 mph, 182 kn)

Range: 1,050 km (652 mi, 567 nmi)

Service ceiling: 8,000 m (26,245 ft)

Armament

3 x FN (Browning) 7.92 mm (0.31 in) machine gun

288kg (635lb) of bombs or 144 air-grenades.

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