IAR 12 / 13 / 14 / 15 / 16

 

1st Flight 1933

The IAR 12, 13, 14, 15,16 were low-wing monoplane fighters designed in Romania between 1933 & 1934.

The aircraft were designed by IAR design bureau in 1933 starting with the IAR 12 prototype.

Variants

IAR 14 – The aircraft was equipped with the IAR LD 450 powerplant which was produced under license by IAR.

The same engine also equipped the IAR 12.

The first flight took place in June 1933.

In September 1933, an order for 20 aircraft was placed, they served with the Royal Romanian Air Force.

IAR 15 – Five prototypes were built.

Tests showed that the IAR 15 was as fast as competing aircraft, chiefly the PZL P.11, but less manoeuvrable and no other orders were placed.

Only five aircraft were built.

The I.A.R. 16, first flown in 1934, remained in prototype stage.

Its only significant achievement was the improvement of Romania’s national altitude record.

The prototype was still seen in 1935-1936 at various air shows, where it was used to performed high-level aerobatics to the delight of the spectators.

Specifications

(IAR 14)

Crew: 1

Length: 7.37 m (24 ft 2 in)

Wingspan: 11.7 m (38 ft 5 in)

Height: 2.6 m (8 ft 6 in)

Wing area: 20.3 m2 (219 sq ft)

Empty weight: 1,255 kg (2,767 lb)

Gross weight: 1,552 kg (3,422 lb)

Fuel capacity: 230 l (61 US gal; 51 imp gal)

Power plant: 1 × IAR LD 450 W-12 water-cooled piston engine, 340 kW (450 hp) (Lorraine 12Eb)

Propellers: 2-bladed Ratier wooden fixed-pitch propeller

Performance

Maximum speed: 294 km/h (183 mph, 159 kn) at sea level

265 km/h (165 mph; 143 kn) at 5,000 m (16,404 ft)

Minimum speed: 110 km/h (68 mph; 59 kn) at sea level

Endurance: 2 hours 10 minutes

Service ceiling: 7,900 m (25,900 ft)

Time to altitude: 5,000 m (16,404 ft) in 10 minutes 27 seconds

Wing loading: 76.5 kg/m2 (15.7 lb/sq ft)

Power/mass: 0.2163 kW/kg (0.1316 hp/lb)

Armament

Guns: 2 x 7.7 mm Vickers machine-guns in the nose of the aircraft firing through airscrew.

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