Hawker Typhoon

The Hawker Typhoon was a British single seat fighter/bomber.

It was intended to be a medium high altitude interceptor, as a replacement for the Hawker Hurricane, this was not to be due to several design problems that were encountered and these problems couldn’t be completely ironed out.

Variants

Prototypes 

Two aircraft.

Typhoon IA 

12 machine guns. 

Typhoon IB 

4 x 20 mm Cannon.

Typhoon NF.IB 

Night fighter conversion of one aircraft.

Typhoon FR.IB

Reconnaissance conversion.

Specifications

Crew

One

Length

31 ft 11.5 in (9.741 m)

Wingspan

41 ft 7 in (12.67 m)

Height

15 ft 4 in (4.67 m)

Wing area

279 sq ft (25.9 m2)

Airfoil

Root

NACA 2219;

Tip

NACA 2213

Empty weight

8,840 lb (4,010 kg)

Gross weight

11,400 lb (5,171 kg)

Max take-off weight

13,250 lb (6,010 kg) with two 1,000 lb (450 kg) bombs

Powerplant

1 × Napier Sabre IIA, IIB or IIC H-24 liquid-cooled sleeve-valve piston engine, 2,180 hp (1,630 kW)

Sabre IIB

2,200 hp (1,600 kW)

Sabre IIC

2,260 hp (1,690 kW)

Propellers

3 or 4-bladed de Havilland or Rotol constant-speed propeller

Performance

Maximum speed

412 mph (663 km/h, 358 kn) at 19,000 ft (5,800 m) with Sabre IIB & 4-bladed propeller

Stall speed

88 mph (142 km/h, 76 kn)

Range

510 mi (820 km, 440 nmi) with two 500 lb (230 kg) bombs;

690 mi (1,110 km) “clean”; 1,090 mi (1,750 km) with two 45 imp gal (200 l; 54 US gal) drop tanks.

Service ceiling

35,200 ft (10,700 m)

Rate of climb

2,740 ft/min (13.9 m/s) F.S supercharger at 3,700 rpm and 14,300 ft (4,400 m)

Wing loading

40.9 lb/sq ft (200 kg/m2)

Power/mass

0.20 hp/lb (0.33 kW/kg)

Armament

Guns

4 × 20 mm (0.787 in) Hispano Mk II cannon

Rockets

8 × RP-3 unguided air-to-ground rockets.

Bombs

2 × 500 lb (230 kg) or 2 × 1,000 lb (450 kg) bombs.

 

 

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