The Hawker Tornado was a British single-seat fighter aircraft design of World War II for the Royal Air Force as a replacement for the Hawker Hurricane.
The planned production of Tornados was cancelled after the engine it was designed to use, the Rolls-Royce Vulture, proved unreliable in service.
In order to avoid upsetting the Hurricane lines, production was sub-contracted to Avro in Manchester and Cunliffe-Owen Aircraft in Eastleigh, with orders for 1,760 and 200 respectively being placed in 1939.
However, only one of these aircraft, from Avro, was ever built and flown, this being R7936.
Shortly after its first flight at Woodford, on 29 August 1941, the Vulture program was abandoned, followed closely by the cancellation of the Tornado order.
At that time four aircraft were at various stages of production at the Avro plant at Yeadon, West Yorkshire.
32 ft 10 in (10.01 m)
41 ft 11 in (12.78 m)
14 ft 8 in (4.47 m)
283 sq ft (26.3 m2)
8,377 lb (3,800 kg)
9,520 lb (4,318 kg)
Max take-off weight
10,668 lb (4,839 kg)
140 imp gal (168 US gal; 636 l)
1 × Rolls-Royce Vulture II X-24 liquid-cooled piston engine, 1,760 hp (1,310 kW)
1x 1,980 hp (1,476 kW) Rolls-Royce Vulture V
1x 2,210 hp (1,648 kW) Bristol Centaurus CE 4S
3-bladed de Havilland Hydromatic constant-speed propeller, 14 ft 0 in (4.27 m) diameter
398 mph (641 km/h, 346 kn) at 23,000 ft (7,010 m) (Vulture V)
34,900 ft (10,600 m)
Time to altitude
20,000 ft (6,100 m) in 7 minutes 12 seconds
37.7 lb/sq ft (184 kg/m2)
0.1858 hp/lb (0.3055 kW/kg)
Provision for 12 × .303 in (7.7 mm) Browning machine guns