Hawker Tornado

The Hawker Tornado was a British single-seat fighter aircraft design of World War II for the Royal Air Force as a replacement for the Hawker Hurricane.

The planned production of Tornados was cancelled after the engine it was designed to use, the Rolls-Royce Vulture, proved unreliable in service.

In order to avoid upsetting the Hurricane lines, production was sub-contracted to Avro in Manchester and Cunliffe-Owen Aircraft in Eastleigh, with orders for 1,760 and 200 respectively being placed in 1939.

However, only one of these aircraft, from Avro, was ever built and flown, this being R7936.

Shortly after its first flight at Woodford, on 29 August 1941, the Vulture program was abandoned, followed closely by the cancellation of the Tornado order.

At that time four aircraft were at various stages of production at the Avro plant at Yeadon, West Yorkshire.

Specifications

Crew

1

Length

32 ft 10 in (10.01 m)

Wingspan

41 ft 11 in (12.78 m)

Height

14 ft 8 in (4.47 m)

Wing area

283 sq ft (26.3 m2)

Airfoil

Root

NACA 2219

Tip

NACA 2213

Empty weight

8,377 lb (3,800 kg)

Gross weight

9,520 lb (4,318 kg)

Max take-off weight

10,668 lb (4,839 kg)

Fuel capacity

140 imp gal (168 US gal; 636 l)

Powerplant

1 × Rolls-Royce Vulture II X-24 liquid-cooled piston engine, 1,760 hp (1,310 kW)

Or

1x 1,980 hp (1,476 kW) Rolls-Royce Vulture V

Or

1x 2,210 hp (1,648 kW) Bristol Centaurus CE 4S

Propellers

3-bladed de Havilland Hydromatic constant-speed propeller, 14 ft 0 in (4.27 m) diameter

Performance

Maximum speed

398 mph (641 km/h, 346 kn) at 23,000 ft (7,010 m) (Vulture V)

Service ceiling

34,900 ft (10,600 m)

Time to altitude

20,000 ft (6,100 m) in 7 minutes 12 seconds

Wing loading

37.7 lb/sq ft (184 kg/m2)

Power/mass

0.1858 hp/lb (0.3055 kW/kg)

Armament

Guns

Provision for 12 × .303 in (7.7 mm) Browning machine guns

Or

4 × 20 mm Hispano cannon.

Avionics

TR 9 VHF R/T.

 

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