Hawker Sea Fury

 

1st Flight 1944

The Hawker Sea Fury is a British fighter aircraft designed and manufactured by Hawker Aircraft.

It was the last propeller-driven fighter to serve with the Royal Navy, and one of the fastest production single reciprocating engine aircraft ever built. 

Developed during the Second World War, the Sea Fury entered service two years after the war ended. 

Variants

Fury Prototypes

LA610 Originally ordered as a Hawker Tempest III, it was completed as a Fury prototype and first flew on 27 November 1944.

NX798 One of two Fury prototypes to specification F.2/43, the first to fly on 1 September 1944.

NX802 One of two Fury prototypes to specification F.2/43.

Sea Fury prototypes

SR661 A semi-navalized Fury prototype to Specification N.22/43, first flew on 21 February 1945 with a Centarus XII engine (later changed to a Centarus XVIII) and Rotol four-bladed propeller, did not have folding wings.

SR666 A fully Navalized Fury prototype to Specification N.22/43, first flew on 12 October 1945 with a Centarus XV engine and a Rotol five-bladed propeller.

VB857 Sea Fury X prototype built by Boulton-Paul and first flew on 31 January 1946 with a Centarus XVI, later used as a FB11 prototype with a Centarus XVIII engine.

Sea Fury T.20 prototype

VX818 Prototype two-seat training variant to Specification N.19/47, originally ordered by Iraq it first flew on 15 January 1948.

Fury

RAF order for 200 aircraft placed on 28 April 1944; order cancelled.

Sea Fury F.10

Single-seat fighter version for the Royal Navy, 50 built by Hawker, an order for a further 300 placed at the same time to be built by Boulton Paul was cancelled.

First production aircraft flew on 15 August 1946.

Sea Fury FB.11

Single-seat fighter-bomber for the Royal Navy, Royal Australian Navy, Royal Canadian Navy and Royal Netherlands Navy, 615 built, including 31 for the RAN and 53 for the RCN.

Sea Fury T.20

Two-seat training version for the Royal Navy, 61 built.

Ten of these were later converted to target tugs (designated T.20S) for West Germany, operated by the civilian company Deutscher Luftfahrt-Beratungsdienst (DLB).

Sea Fury F.50

Single-seat fighter version for the Royal Netherlands Navy, 10 built.

Sea Fury FB.51

Single-seat fighter-bomber version for the Royal Netherlands Navy, 25 built.

Fury FB.60

Single-seat fighter-bomber version for the Pakistan Air Force and the Royal Netherlands Navy, 93 built for Pakistan and 12 for the Netherlands.

Fury T.61

Two-seat training version for the Pakistan Air Force, five built.

Fury I

Single-seat land-based fighter version for the Iraqi Air Force.

Unofficially known as the “Baghdad Furies”, 55 built.

Fury Trainer

Two-seat training version for the Iraqi Air Force, five built.

Specifications

Crew: One

Length: 34 ft 8 in (10.57 m)

Wingspan: 38 ft 4.75 in (11.7031 m)

Height: 15 ft 10.5 in (4.839 m)

Wing area: 280 sq ft (26 m2)

Empty weight: 9,240 lb (4,191 kg)

Gross weight: 12,350 lb (5,602 kg)

Max take-off weight: 14,650 lb (6,645 kg)

Powerplant: 1 × Bristol Centaurus 18 18-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engine, 2,480 hp (1,850 kW) for take-off

Propellers: 5-bladed constant-speed propeller

Performance

Maximum speed: 460 mph (740 km/h, 400 kn) at 18,000 ft (5,500 m)

Range: 780 mi (1,260 km, 680 nmi)

Ferry range: 904 mi (1,455 km, 786 nmi) with two drop tanks

Service ceiling: 35,800 ft (10,900 m)

Rate of climb: 4,320 ft/min (21.9 m/s)

Armament

Guns: 4 × 20 mm (0.79 in) Hispano Mk V auto cannon

Rockets: 12 × 3 in (76.2 mm) rockets

Bombs: 2,000 lb (910 kg) of bombs.

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