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Grumman Prowler

The Grumman EA-6B Prowler is a twin-engine, four-seat, mid-wing electronic-warfare aircraft derived from the A-6 Intruder airframe.

The EA-6A was the initial electronic warfare version of the A-6 used by the United States Marine Corps and United States Navy.

Development on the more advanced EA-6B began in 1966.

An EA-6B aircrew consisted of one pilot and three Electronic Countermeasures Officers, though it was not uncommon for only two ECMOs to be used on missions.

It was capable of carrying and firing anti-radiation missiles (ARMs), such as the AGM-88 HARM.

The Prowler was in service with the U.S. Armed Forces from 1971 until 2019.

It has carried out numerous missions for jamming enemy radar systems, and in gathering radio intelligence on those and other enemy air defence systems.

From the 1998 retirement of the United States Air Force EF-111 Raven electronic warfare aircraft, the EA-6B was the only dedicated electronic warfare plane available for missions by the U.S. Navy, the U.S. Marine Corps, and the U.S. Air Force until the fielding of the Navy’s EA-18G Growler in 2009.

Following its last deployment in late 2014, the EA-6B was withdrawn from U.S. Navy service in June 2015, followed by the USMC in March 2019.

Designed for carrier-based and advanced base operations, the EA-6B was a fully integrated electronic warfare system combining long-range, all-weather capabilities with advanced electronic countermeasures.

A forward equipment bay and pod-shaped fairing on the vertical fin housed the additional avionics equipment.

It was the primary electronic warfare aircraft for the U.S Navy and U.S. Marine Corps.

The EA-6B’s primary mission was to support ground-attack strikes by disrupting enemy electromagnetic activity.

As a secondary mission it could also gather tactical electronic intelligence within a combat zone, and another secondary mission was attacking enemy radar sites with anti-radiation missiles.

The Prowler had a crew of four, a pilot and three Electronic Countermeasures Officers (known as ECMOs).

Powered by two non-afterburning Pratt & Whitney J52-P-408A turbojet engines, it was capable of speeds of up to 590 mph (950 km/h) with a range of 1,140 miles (1,840 km).

Design particulars included the refuelling probe being asymmetrical, appearing bent to the right to improve pilot visibility over that of the A-6 Intruder. It contained an antenna near its root.

The canopy had a shading of gold to protect the crew against the radio emissions that the electronic warfare equipment produces.





59 ft 10 in (18.24 m)


53 ft (16 m)


16 ft 8 in (5.08 m)

Wing area

528.9 sq ft (49.14 m2)

Empty weight

31,160 lb (14,134 kg)

Max take-off weight

61,500 lb (27,896 kg)


2 × Pratt & Whitney J52-P-408A turbojet engines,

10,400 lbf (46 kN) thrust each


Maximum speed

566 kn (651 mph, 1,048 km/h)

Cruise speed

418 kn (481 mph, 774 km/h)


2,022 nmi (2,327 mi, 3,745 km)

2,400 mi (2,100 nmi; 3,900 km) with drop tanks

Service ceiling

37,600 ft (11,500 m)

Rate of climb

12,900 ft/min (66 m/s)

Wing loading

116 lb/sq ft (570 kg/m2)





5 total:

1× centreline/under-fuselage


4× under-wing pylon stations with a capacity of 18,000 pounds (8,200 kg),with provisions to carry combinations of:


Up to 4× AGM-88 HARM Anti-radiation missiles


Up to 5× 300 US gallons (1,100 L) external drop tanks

Up to 5× AN/ALQ-99 Tactical Jamming System external pods

AN/ALE-43(V)1&4 Bulk Chaff Dispensing System pod

AN/AAQ-28(V) Lightning targeting pod (USMC only)


AN/ALQ-218 Tactical Jamming System Receiver

AN/USQ-113 Communications Jamming System.















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