General Aviation XFA-1

1st Flight 1932

The General Aviation XFA was an American prototype biplane fighter aircraft.

Delivered for evaluations in 1932, it showed poor flying characteristics, including longitudinal instability and over-sensitive controls.

General Aircraft increased the area of the tail surfaces and made other changes, then returned the prototype for more testing, after testing, the stability problems were worsened.

The plane would nose up with more throttle, but then drop its nose when the throttle was reduced.

After another round of modifications, and some close calls, the plane was finally classed as unsafe and testing was abandoned.

Specifications

Crew: 1

Length: 22 ft 2 in (6.75 m)

Wingspan: 25 ft 6 in (7.77 m)

Height: 9 ft 3 in (2.81 m)

Wing area: 175 sq ft (16.25 m2)

Empty weight: 1,837 lb (833 kg)

Gross weight: 2,508 lb (1,138 kg)

Powerplant: 1 × Pratt & Whitney R-1340-C , 450 hp (340 kW)

Performance

Maximum speed: 170 mph (274 km/h, 150 kn)

Range: 518 mi (834 km, 450 nmi)

Service ceiling: 20,200 ft (6,157 m)

Rate of climb: 1,470 ft/min (7.47 m/s)

Armament

2 × .30 in (7.62 mm) machine guns.

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