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Eurofighter Typhoon

The Eurofighter Typhoon is a European twin-engine, canard delta wing, multirole fighter.

The Typhoon was designed originally as an air superiority fighter and is manufactured by a consortium of Airbus, BAE Systems and Leonardo that conducts the majority of the project through a joint holding company, Eurofighter Jagdflugzeug GmbH.

The NATO Eurofighter and Tornado Management Agency, representing the UK, Germany, Italy and Spain manages the project and is the prime customer.

The Eurofighter is produced in single-seat and twin-seat variants.

The twin-seat variant is not used operationally, but only for training, though it is combat capable.

The aircraft has been manufactured in three major standards;

Seven Development Aircraft,

Seven production standard Instrumented Production Aircraft for further system development and a continuing number of Series Production Aircraft.

The production aircraft are now operational with the partner nation’s air forces.

The Tranche 1 aircraft were produced from 2000 onwards.

Aircraft capabilities are being increased incrementally, with each software upgrade resulting in a different standard, known as blocks.

With the introduction of the block 5 standard, the R2 retrofit program began to bring all Tranche 1 aircraft to that standard.



1 or 2


15.96 m (52 ft 4 in)


10.95 m (35 ft 11 in)


5.28 m (17 ft 4 in)

Wing area

51.2 m2 (551 sq ft)

Empty weight

11,000 kg (24,251 lb)

Gross weight

16,000 kg (35,274 lb)

Max take-off weight

23,500 kg (51,809 lb)

Fuel capacity

4,996 kg (11,010 lb) / 6.215 l (1.642 US gal; 1.367 imp gal) internal


2 × Eurojet EJ200 afterburning turbofan engines, 60 kN (13,000 lbf) thrust each dry, 90 kN (20,000 lbf) with afterburner


Maximum speed

2,125 km/h (1,320 mph, 1,147 kn) / Mach 2.0 (2,125 km/h or 1,320 mph at 11,000 m altitude)

1,530 km/h (950 mph; 830 kn) / Mach 1.25 at sea level (1,530 km/h or 950 mph)

Super cruise

Mach 1.5


2,900 km (1,800 mi, 1,600 nmi)

Combat range

1,389 km (863 mi, 750 nmi) Air defence with 10-min. loiter / Ground attack, hi-lo-hi (with 3 × external 1,000 l tanks)

185 km (100 nmi) Air defence with 3-hr combat air patrol (with 3 × external 1,000 l tanks)

601 km (325 nmi) Ground attack, lo-lo-lo (with 3 × external 1,000 l tanks)

Ferry range

3,790 km (2,350 mi, 2,050 nmi) with 3 × drop tanks

Service ceiling

19,812 m (65,000 ft)

G limits

+9 / -3

Rate of climb

315 m/s (62,000 ft/min)

Wing loading

312 kg/m2 (64 lb/sq ft)


1.15 (interceptor configuration)



1 × 27 mm Mauser BK-27 revolver cannon with 150 rounds


Total of 13: 8 × underwing and 5 × under fuselage pylon stations holding in excess of 9,000 kg (19,800 lb) of payload.

Typical multi-role configuration for a Tranche 2-P1E would be 4 × AMRAAM, 2×ASRAAM/IRIS-T,

4 × EGBU-16/Paveway-IV,

2 × 1000-litre supersonic fuel tanks and a targeting pod.


Air-to-air missiles

AIM-120 AMRAAM (AIM-120C-5/7 planned for P2E)

MBDA Meteor



AIM-9 Sidewinder

Air-to-surface missiles

AGM-65 Maverick



Taurus KEPD 350

Storm Shadow/Scalp EG


Anti-ship missiles:

Marte ER

Joint Strike Missile


Paveway II/III/Enhanced Paveway series of laser-guided bombs (LGBs)

500-lb Paveway IV

Small Diameter Bomb (planned for P2E)

Joint Direct Attack Munition (JDAM), in the future

HOPE/HOSBO, in the future

Spice 250


Up to 3 × drop tanks for ferry flight


extended range/loitering time

Conformal fuel tanks on Tranche 3 or later


Euroradar CAPTOR Radar

Passive Infra-Red Airborne Tracking Equipment

Praetorian DASS

Damocles (targeting pod)

LITENING III laser targeting pod

Sniper Advanced Targeting Pod.



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