Eurofighter Typhoon

 

1st Flight 1994

The Eurofighter Typhoon is a European twin-engine, canard delta wing, multirole fighter.

The Typhoon was designed originally as an air superiority fighter and is manufactured by a consortium of Airbus, BAE Systems and Leonardo that conducts the majority of the project through a joint holding company, Eurofighter Jagdflugzeug GmbH.

The NATO Eurofighter and Tornado Management Agency, representing the UK, Germany, Italy and Spain manages the project and is the prime customer.

The Eurofighter is produced in single-seat and twin-seat variants.

The twin-seat variant is not used operationally, but only for training, though it is combat capable.

The aircraft has been manufactured in three major standards; seven Development Aircraft, seven production standard Instrumented Production Aircraft for further system development and a continuing number of Series Production Aircraft.

The production aircraft are now operational with the partner nation’s air forces.

The Tranche 1 aircraft were produced from 2000 onwards.

Aircraft capabilities are being increased incrementally, with each software upgrade resulting in a different standard, known as blocks.

With the introduction of the block 5 standard, the R2 retrofit program began to bring all Tranche 1 aircraft to that standard.

Specifications

Crew: 1 or 2

Length: 15.96 m (52 ft 4 in)

Wingspan: 10.95 m (35 ft 11 in)

Height: 5.28 m (17 ft 4 in)

Wing area: 51.2 m2 (551 sq ft)

Empty weight: 11,000 kg (24,251 lb)

Gross weight: 16,000 kg (35,274 lb)

Max take-off weight: 23,500 kg (51,809 lb)

Fuel capacity: 4,996 kg (11,010 lb) / 6.215 l (1.642 US gal; 1.367 imp gal) internal

Powerplant: 2 × Eurojet EJ200 afterburning turbofan engines, 60 kN (13,000 lbf) thrust each dry, 90 kN (20,000 lbf) with afterburner

Performance

Maximum speed: 2,125 km/h (1,320 mph, 1,147 kn) / Mach 2.0 (2,125 km/h or 1,320 mph at 11,000 m altitude)

1,530 km/h (950 mph; 830 kn) / Mach 1.25 at sea level (1,530 km/h or 950 mph)

Super cruise: Mach 1.5

Range: 2,900 km (1,800 mi, 1,600 nmi)

Combat range: 1,389 km (863 mi, 750 nmi) Air defence with 10-min. loiter / Ground attack, hi-lo-hi (with 3 × external 1,000 l tanks)

185 km (100 nmi) Air defence with 3-hr combat air patrol (with 3 × external 1,000 l tanks)

601 km (325 nmi) Ground attack, lo-lo-lo (with 3 × external 1,000 l tanks)

Ferry range: 3,790 km (2,350 mi, 2,050 nmi) with 3 × drop tanks

Service ceiling: 19,812 m (65,000 ft)

G limits: +9 / -3

Rate of climb: 315 m/s (62,000 ft/min)

Wing loading: 312 kg/m2 (64 lb/sq ft)

Thrust/weight: 1.15 (interceptor configuration)

Armament

Guns: 1 × 27 mm Mauser BK-27 revolver cannon with 150 rounds

Hard-points: Total of 13: 8 × under-wing; and 5 × under-fuselage pylon stations; holding in excess of 9,000 kg (19,800 lb) of payload.

Typical multi-role configuration for a Tranche 2-P1E would be 4 × AMRAAM, 2×ASRAAM/IRIS-T, 4 × EGBU-16/Paveway-IV, 2 × 1000-litre supersonic fuel tanks and a targeting pod.

Missiles:

Air-to-air missiles:

AIM-120 AMRAAM (AIM-120C-5/7 planned for P2E)

MBDA Meteor

IRIS-T

AIM-132 ASRAAM

AIM-9 Sidewinder

Air-to-surface missiles:

AGM-65 Maverick

AGM-88 HARM

Brimstone

Taurus KEPD 350

Storm Shadow/Scalp EG

SPEAR 3

Anti-ship missiles:

Marte ER

Joint Strike Missile

Bombs:

Paveway II/III/Enhanced Paveway series of laser-guided bombs (LGBs)

500-lb Paveway IV

Small Diameter Bomb (planned for P2E)

Joint Direct Attack Munition (JDAM), in the future

HOPE/HOSBO, in the future

Spice 250

Others:

Up to 3 × drop tanks for ferry flight or extended range/loitering time

Conformal fuel tanks on Tranche 3 or later

Avionics

Euroradar CAPTOR Radar

Passive Infra-Red Airborne Tracking Equipment

Praetorian DASS

Damocles (targeting pod)

LITENING III laser targeting pod

Sniper Advanced Targeting Pod.

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