Douglas SBD Dauntless / A-24 Banshee

The Douglas SBD Dauntless is a World War II American naval scout plane and dive bomber that was manufactured from 1940 – 1944, it was also used by the US army air forces, this was known as the A-24 Banshee and was flown from land bases.

Variants

XBT-2

prototype, airframe was a production Northrop BT-1 heavily modified and redesignated as the XBT-2.

Further modified by Douglas as the XSBD-1.

SBD-1

Marine Corps version without self-sealing fuel tanks.

SBD-1P

reconnaissance aircraft, converted from SBD-1s.

SBD-2

Navy version with increased fuel capacity and different armament,  no self-sealing fuel tanks, starting in early 1941.

SBD-2P

reconnaissance aircraft, converted from SBD-2s.

SBD-3

Manufactured in early 1941.

This provided increased protection, self-sealing fuel tanks, and four machine guns.

SBD-4

provided a 24-volt (up from 12 volt) electrical system.

In addition, a new propeller and fuel pumps rounded out the improvements over the SBD-3.

SBD-4P

reconnaissance aircraft, converted from SBD-4s.

SBD-5

The most produced version, primarily produced at the Douglas Aircraft plant in Tulsa, Oklahoma.

Equipped with a 1,200-hp engine and an increased ammunition supply.

In addition to American service, these saw combat with the Royal New Zealand Air Force, Free French Air Force and the Mexican Air Force.

SBD-5A

as A-24B, for USAAF but delivered to USMC.

SBD-6

The final version, providing more improvements, including a 1,350 hp (1,010 kW) engine, but production ended in the summer of 1944.

A-24 Banshee

(SBD-3A)

USAAF equivalent of the SBD-3 without arrestor hook.

A-24A Banshee

(SBD-4A)

USAAF equivalent of the SBD-4.

A-24B Banshee

(SBD-5A)

USAAF equivalent of the SBD-5.

Specifications

Crew

2

Length

33 ft 1.25 in (10.0902 m)

Wingspan

41 ft 6.375 in (12.65873 m)

Height

13 ft 7 in (4.14 m)

Wing area

325 sq ft (30.2 m2)

Airfoil

 Root

NACA 2415

Tip

NACA 2407

Empty weight

6,404 lb (2,905 kg)

Gross weight

9,359 lb (4,245 kg)

Max take-off weight

10,700 lb (4,853 kg)

Fuel capacity

260 US gal (220 imp gal; 980 l) in non-metallic self-sealing fuel tanks

Powerplant

1 × Wright R-1820-60 Cyclone 9-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engine, 1,200 hp (890 kW)

Propellers

3-bladed Hamilton-Standard constant-speed propeller

Performance

Maximum speed

255 mph (410 km/h, 222 kn) at 14,000 ft (4,300 m)

Cruise speed

185 mph (298 km/h, 161 kn)

Range

1,115 mi (1,794 km, 969 nmi)

Ferry range

1,565 mi (2,519 km, 1,360 nmi)

Service ceiling

25,530 ft (7,780 m)

Rate of climb

1,700 ft/min (8.6 m/s)

Wing loading

28.8 lb/sq ft (141 kg/m2)

Power/mass

0.128 hp/lb (0.210 kW/kg)

Armament

Guns

2 × 0.50 in (12.7 mm) forward-firing synchronized Browning M2 machine guns in engine cowling

2 × 0.30 in (7.62 mm) flexible-mounted Browning M1919 machine guns in rear

Bombs

2,250 lb (1,020 kg) of bombs.

 

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