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Dornier Do-23

The Dornier Do 23 was a German medium bomber of the 1930s.

The earlier Do 11 had exhibited several problems, so two initiatives were launched to address those shortcomings.

The first resulted in the Do 13.

The second effort was a more extensive rework which resulted in the Do 23.

With additional landing flaps at the rear of the wings several of the handling problems were corrected, but crew and military equipment were analogous to the Do 11 and performance was still considered mediocre.

Between 1934 and 1935 282 Dornier Do 23s were built for the Luftwaffe of which 273 were assigned to the units.

In 1936 the machines were replaced by the first versions of the Do 17 and were transferred to the training duties.


Do 23A

Aircraft WNr.231, registered as D-2485.

Do 23C

Aircraft WNr.293, registered as D-AHYL.

Do 23E

Aircraft WNr.294, registered as D-AGIR.

Do 23F

Aircraft WNr.295, used for stress and vibration tests.

Do 23G

Production version, manufactured in the Dornier main plants in Wismar and Friedrichshafen.

Henschel and Blohm & Voss were also involved in the production with 24 aircraft each.





18.8 m (61 ft 8 in)


25.6 m (84 ft 0 in)


5.4 m (17 ft 9 in)

Wing area

106.6 m2 (1,147 sq ft)

Empty weight

5,600 kg (12,346 lb)

Gross weight

8,750 kg (19,290 lb)

Max take-off weight

9,200 kg (20,283 lb)


2 × BMW VIU V-12 liquid-cooled piston engines, 559 kW (750 hp) each for take-off

410 kW (550 hp) maximum continuous


4-bladed fixed-pitch wooden propellers


Maximum speed

260 km/h (160 mph, 140 kn)

Cruise speed

210 km/h (130 mph, 110 kn)


1,350 km (840 mi, 730 nmi) maximum at 187 km/h

(116 mph; 101 kn) and 2,500 m (8,200 ft)


7 hours 30 minutes

Service ceiling

4,200 m (13,800 ft)

Rate of climb

4.5 m/s (890 ft/min) at 8,750 kg (19,290 lb)

Time to altitude

1,000 m (3,300 ft) in 4 minutes

Wing loading

85.2 kg/m2 (17.5 lb/sq ft)


0.12 kW/kg (0.073 hp/lb)



3 × 7.92 mm (0.312 in) MG 15 machine guns (nose, dorsal and ventral positions)

Bombs: 1,000 kg (2,200 lb) of bombs carried internally.



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