de Havilland Vampire

The de Havilland Vampire is a British jet fighter.

It was the second jet fighter to be operated by the RAF, after the Gloster Meteor, and the first to be powered by a single jet engine.

Variants

DH.100 Vampire single seat day fighter/fighter-bomber

F.1 (F.Mk 1 or Mk.1)

Single-seat fighter version for the RAF; Three prototypes built for specification E.6/41.

228 production aircraft built, including 70 for Sweden as the J 28A for familiarization.

30 ex-RAF F.1s were transferred to the Armee de l’Air in 1948 for familiarization.

TG431 was supplied to Royal Australian Air Force (RAAF) as A78-1 in May 1947 for familiarization.

TG278 was modified with extended wings and powered with a Ghost 2.

F.2

Nene-powered prototypes.

Two built and three conversions.

TX807 was supplied to RAAF as A78-2 in August 1948 for familiarization and technical development.

F.3

Single-seat fighter for the RAF.

Two prototypes converted from F.1s; 224 were built, 20 were exported to Norway, and 150 to Canada for the Royal Canadian Air Force.

F.4

Nene-powered project, none built.

FB.5

Goblin 2 powered single-seat fighter-bomber with clipped wings; 1123 built, including 930 for the RAF.

94 ex-RAF FB.5s were transferred to the Armee de l’Air in 1949 for operational squadrons.

VV465 was supplied to RAAF as A78-3 in May 1949 for familiarization.

FB.6

Goblin 3 powered single-seat fighter-bomber; 175 were built in UK plus 310 built in Sweden as the J 28B and 103 built in Switzerland, including three from spares.

F.8

Ghost-powered F.1 conversion as prototype for de Havilland Venom; One built.

FB.9

Tropicalised Goblin-3 powered F.5 fighter-bomber with air conditioning; 348 built, most by de Havilland, and some by Fairey.

Export Variants

F.30

Nene-powered single-seat fighter-bomber for the Royal Australian Air Force, 57 built in Australia by the De Havilland Australia (DHA).

FB.31

Nene-powered upgraded F.30, 28 F.30s converted and 23 built new by De Havilland Australia.

F.32

F.30 with air conditioning, One converted in Australia by De Havilland Australia.

FB.50

Exports to Sweden as the J 28B; 310 built, 12 later rebuilt as T.55s.

FB.51

Exports to France. 67 built from DH-supplied knockdown kits, 20 built in France by Sud-Est.

FB.52

Export FB.6, 546 built including 247 by Hindustan Aircraft Limited

FB.52A

Export FB.6 for Aeronautica Militare Italiana; 51 imported and 150 built in Italy by Macchi and Fiat.

FB.53

Export single-seat fighter-bombers as patterns for Armee de l’Air to be built by SNCASE

DH.113 Vampire Night Fighters

NF.10

Goblin-powered two-seat night fighter version for RAF, 81 built including 3 prototypes.

NF.54

Export NF.10. Italian Air Force bought 14, and India bought 30 refurbished NF.10s.

DH.115 Vampire Trainers

NF(T).10

Navigation trainer based on NF.10; 36 converted

T.11

Private venture Goblin 35 powered two-seat trainer; 526 built by de Havilland and Fairey including one prototype. Some had ejection seats.

T.22

T.11 trainer for Royal Navy; 73 built.

T.33

Two-seat trainer based in early specification T.11.

Powered by the Goblin turbojet, 36 were built in Australia by de Havilland Australia.

T-33A

Upgraded T.33 to late T.11 specification.

T.34

Navalized two-seat T.22 trainer for the Royal Australian Navy, five built in Australia by De Havilland Australia, A sixth was delivered as a T.34A

T.34A

T.34 upgraded with ejection seats.

T.35

Late T.11 specification two-seat trainers, 68 built in Australia by De Havilland Australia.

T.35A

T.35 upgraded from T.33.

T.55

Export trainer; 322 built including 30 in Switzerland, 60 in India by HAL and six converted from T.11s.

PR.55

At least 5 T.55s were modified in India for photo reconnaissance.

Sea Vampire

F.1

Prototype for deck trials, One conversion from Vampire F.1.

F.20

Navalized FB.5; 18 converted by English Electric.

F.21

F.3s with strengthened belly and arrester hook for trials of undercarriageless landings on flexible decks, two built and or six converted.

T.22

Two-seat trainer for Royal Navy, 73 built by de Havilland.

SNCASE (Sud-Est) Mistral

SE.530 Mistral

Hispano-Nene powered prototypes based on FB.53 for French production; 4 built

SE.532 Mistral

Production version; 93 built.

SE.535 Mistral

SE 532 development; 150 built.

J 28A

Swedish F.1 with wings later clipped similarly to F.5; 70 imported.

J 28B

Swedish FB.6, 310 built.

A 28B

J 28B/FB.6 relegated to attack role.

J 28C-1

Early specification T.55 Vampire Trainer, 30 purchased in 1952.

Initially used in a fighter role.

J 28C-2

Late specification T.55, 15 purchased in 1955.

J 28C-3

Former J 28B single seater fighters converted to T.55A two seater trainers by de Havilland in 1956, 12 converted.

de Havilland Australia

P.17

Project trainer with local cockpit alterations.

Specifications

Crew

1

Length

30 ft 9 in (9.37 m)

Wingspan

38 ft (12 m)

Height

8 ft 10 in (2.69 m)

Wing area

262 sq ft (24.3 m2)

Airfoil

Root

EC1240/0640 (14%)

Tip

EC1240/0640 (9%)

Empty weight

7,283 lb (3,304 kg)

Max take-off weight

12,390 lb (5,620 kg)

Powerplant

1 × de Havilland Goblin 3 centrifugal-flow turbojet engine, 3,350 lbf (14.9 kN) thrust

Performance

Maximum speed

548 mph (882 km/h, 476 kn)

Range

1,220 mi (1,960 km, 1,060 nmi)

Service ceiling

42,800 ft (13,000 m)

Rate of climb

4,800 ft/min (24 m/s)

Armament

Guns

4 × 20 mm (0.79 in) Hispano Mk.V cannon with 600 rounds total (150 rounds per gun).

Rockets

8 × 3-inch “60 lb” rockets

Bombs

2 × 500 lb (225 kg) bombs or two drop-tanks.

 

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