The Dassault M.D.450 Ouragan is a French fighter-bomber.
It has its origins in a private venture by Dassault to produce an all French aircraft which would make use of jet propulsion, which subsequently would receive orders from the French Air Force.
The Ouragan holds the distinction of being the first jet-powered French designed combat aircraft to enter production, and thus played a key role in the resurgence of the French aviation industry following the Second World War.
The Ouragan was operated by France, India, Israel and El Salvador.
MD 450A Ouragan
First 50 production aircraft, Nene 102 engine.
MD 450B Ouragan
Hispano-Suiza built Nene 104B engine, revised two-section nose landing gear doors as the original four-section design was prone to damage when the cannon were fired.
MD 450R Ouragan
Reconnaissance variant, only one built.
MD 450-30L Ouragan
One preproduction prototype fitted with a SNECMA Atar 101B engine, air intakes on the sides of the fuselage, and two 30 mm (1.181 in) DEFA cannon.
First flown on 21 January 1952 it was used to gain experience before the first flight of the Dassault 453.
Four production aircraft modified for rough field operation with the two-wheel main landing gear with low-pressure tires retracting into a fairing added under the wing roots, and a brake parachute.