Dassault M.D.450 Ouragan

1st Flight 1949

The Dassault M.D.450 Ouragan is a French fighter-bomber.

It has its origins in a private venture by Dassault to produce an all-French aircraft which would make use of jet propulsion, which subsequently would receive orders from the French Air Force.

The Ouragan holds the distinction of being the first jet-powered French-designed combat aircraft to enter production, and thus played a key role in the resurgence of the French aviation industry following the Second World War.

The Ouragan was operated by France, India, Israel and El Salvador.

Variants

MD 450A Ouragan

First 50 production aircraft, Nene 102 engine.

MD 450B Ouragan

Hispano-Suiza-built Nene 104B engine, revised two-section nose landing gear doors as the original four-section design was prone to damage when the cannon were fired.

MD 450R Ouragan

Reconnaissance variant, only one built.

MD 450-30L Ouragan

One preproduction prototype fitted with a SNECMA Atar 101B engine, air intakes on the sides of the fuselage, and two 30 mm (1.181 in) DEFA cannon.

First flown on 21 January 1952 it was used to gain experience before the first flight of the Dassault 453.

Dassault Barougan

Four production aircraft modified for rough-field operation with the two-wheel main landing gear with low-pressure tires retracting into a fairing added under the wing roots, and a brake parachute.

Specifications

Crew: 1

Length: 10.73 m (35 ft 2 in)

Wingspan: 13.16 m (43 ft 2 in)

Height: 4.14 m (13 ft 7 in)

Wing area: 23.8 m2 (256 sq ft)

Aspect ratio: 7.3

Airfoil: root: NACA 65-112.9; tip: NACA 65-211.8

Empty weight: 4,142 kg (9,132 lb)

Gross weight: 7,404 kg (16,323 lb)

Max take-off weight: 7,900 kg (17,417 lb)

Powerplant

1 × Rolls-Royce Nene Mk.104B centrifugal-flow turbojet engine, 22.2 kN (5,000 lbf) thrust

Performance

Maximum speed: 940 km/h (580 mph, 510 kn) at sea level

Maximum speed: Mach 0.76

Cruise speed: 750 km/h (470 mph, 400 kn)

Maximum Mach number:(MMO) M0.83

Combat range: 450 km (280 mi, 240 nmi)

Ferry range: 920 km (570 mi, 500 nmi)

Service ceiling: 13,000 m (43,000 ft)

Rate of climb: 38 m/s (7,500 ft/min)

Take-off run: 783 m (2,569 ft)

Landing run: 910 m (2,986 ft)

Armament

Guns: 4× 20 mm Hispano-Suiza HS.404 cannon with 125 rounds per gun

Rockets: 16× 105 mm (4.1 in) Brandt T-10 air-to-ground unguided rockets; or, 2× Matra rocket pods with 18× SNEB 68 mm rockets each

Bombs: 2,270 kg (5,004 lb) of payload on four external hardpoints, including a variety of unguided iron bombs such as 2× 227 kg (500 lb) bombs or 2× 458 l (121 US gal; 101 imp gal) napalm bombs / Drop tanks for extended range.

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