Dassault/Dornier Alpha Jet

1st Flight 1973

The Dassault/Dornier Alpha Jet is a light attack jet and advanced jet trainer co-manufactured by Dassault Aviation of France and Dornier Flugzeugwerke of Germany.

It was developed specifically to perform trainer and light attack missions, as well as to perform these duties more ideally than the first generation of jet trainers that preceded it.

Following a competition, a design submitted by a team comprising Breguet Aviation, Dassault Aviation, and Dornier Flugzeugwerke, initially designated as the TA501, was selected and subsequently produced as the Alpha Jet.

Both the French Air Force and German Air Force procured the Alpha Jet in large numbers, the former principally as a trainer aircraft and the latter choosing to use it as a light attack platform.

As a result of post-Cold War military cutbacks, Germany elected to retire its own fleet of Alpha Jets in the 1990s and has re-sold many of these aircraft to both military and civilian operators.

The Alpha Jet has been adopted by a number of air forces across the world and has also seen active combat use by some of these operators.

Variants

Alpha Jet A

Attack version originally used by Germany.

Alpha Jet E

Trainer version originally used by France and Belgium.

Alpha Jet 2

Development of the Alpha Jet E optimized for ground attack.

This version was originally named the Alpha Jet NGAE.

Alpha Jet MS1

Close support-capable version assembled in Egypt.

Alpha Jet MS2

Improved version with new avionics, an uprated engine, Magic Air-to-Air missiles, and a Lancier glass cockpit.

Alpha Jet ATS

A version fitted with multi-functional controls and a glass cockpit that will train pilots in the use of navigation and attack systems of the latest and future generation fighter aircraft.

This version was also called the Alpha Jet 3 or Lancier.

Specifications

Crew: 2

Length: 13.23 m (43 ft 5 in)

Wingspan: 9.11 m (29 ft 11 in)

Height: 4.19 m (13 ft 9 in)

Wing area: 17.5 m2 (188 sq ft)

Aspect ratio: 4.8

Empty weight: 3,515 kg (7,749 lb)

Gross weight: 5,000 kg (11,023 lb)

Max take-off weight: 7,500 kg (16,535 lb)

Fuel capacity: 1,520 kg (3,351 lb)

Powerplant

2 × SNECMA Turbomeca Larzac 04-C5 turbofan engines, 13.24 kN (2,980 lbf) thrust each

Performance

Maximum speed: 1,000 km/h (620 mph, 540 kn) at sea level

Stall speed: 167 km/h (104 mph, 90 kn) (flaps and undercarriage down)

216 km/h (134 mph; 117 kn) (flaps and undercarriage up)

Combat range: 610 km (380 mi, 330 nmi) lo-lo-lo profile, gun pod, under-wing weapons and two drop tanks

1,095 km (680 mi; 591 nmi) hi-lo-hi profile, gun pod, under-wing weapons and two drop tanks

Ferry range: 2,940 km (1,830 mi, 1,590 nmi) with 2x 310 l (82 US gal; 68 imp gal) drop tanks

Endurance: (internal fuel only) 2 hours 30 minutes at low altitude; 3 hours 30 minutes at high altitude

Service ceiling: 14,630 m (48,000 ft)

G limits: +12 / -6.4 (Ultimate)

Rate of climb: 57 m/s (11,200 ft/min) max

Time to altitude: 9,145 m (30,003 ft) in less than 7 minutes

Landing speed: 170 km/h (110 mph; 92 kn)

Take-off run: 410 m (1,345 ft)

Landing run: 610 m (2,001 ft)

Armament

Guns

One 27 mm Mauser BK-27 cannon in centreline gun pack with 120 rounds or one 30 mm DEFA cannon in centreline pod with 150 rounds

Hard-points

5 with a capacity of 2,500 kg (5,512 lb),with provisions to carry combinations of:

Rockets

Two Matra rocket pods with eighteen SNEB 68 mm rockets each or two CRV7 rocket pods with nineteen 70 mm rockets each

Missiles

Two AIM-9 Sidewinders, two Matra Magic IIs, two AGM-65 Mavericks.

Bombs

a variety of bombs

Other

2x 310 l (82 US gal; 68 imp gal) Drop tank.

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