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Curtiss T-32 Condor II

The Curtiss T-32 Condor II, constructed by the Curtiss Aeroplane and Motor Company, was an American biplane airliner and bomber aircraft during the 1930s.

Primarily employed as an executive transport by the United States Army Air Corps, it served its purpose effectively.

The Condor II, a biplane constructed in 1933, featured a two-bay design and a single vertical stabilizer and rudder.

Notably, it possessed retractable landing gear and was powered by two Wright Cyclone radial engines.

Following its maiden flight on January 30, 1933, a total of 21 aircraft were produced.

These production models were specifically configured as luxurious night sleeper transports, accommodating up to 12 passengers.

During the Colombia-Peru War in 1933, the Colombian Air Force utilised three BT-32 aircraft that were equipped with floats.

These aircraft played a significant role in the conflict.

In a separate development, the United States Army Air Corps procured two modified T-32s, which were designated as YC-30, for their executive transport needs.

Additionally, one Condor aircraft underwent modifications, including the installation of extra fuel tanks, to support the 1939-1941 United States Antarctic Service Expedition.

Notably, this particular Condor had a fixed undercarriage, enabling its operation on both floats and skis, which was a unique feature for this aircraft model.

Subsequently, certain aircraft were upgraded to the AT-32 standard, incorporating variable-pitch propellers and improved engine nacelles.

The AT-32D variant offered the flexibility to convert from a sleeper configuration to accommodate 15 seats for daytime use.

Furthermore, four T-32s that were stationed in the United Kingdom were promptly enlisted by the Royal Air Force at the onset of World War II.

Eight bomber models (BT-32) were constructed with manually operated machine-gun turrets positioned in the front and above the rear fuselage.

These particular aircraft were subsequently sold to other countries.

Additionally, a military cargo variation (CT-32) was specifically designed for Argentina, featuring a spacious loading door located on the starboard side of the fuselage.



Production luxury night sleeper, 21 built including two as YC-30s.


Ten T-32s modified to AT-32 standard.


Variant with variable-pitch propellers and 710 hp (529 kW) Wright SGR-1820-F3 Cyclone engines, three built.


An AT-32 variant with 720 hp (537 kW) Wright SGR-1820-F2 Cyclone engines, three built.


An AT-32 variant, one built for Swissair.


An AT-32 variant with 720 hp (537 kW) Wright SGR-1820-F3 Cyclone engines, one built.


AT-32 variant for the United States Navy as the R4C-1, two built.


Bomber variant, eight built.


Military cargo variant with large cargo door, three built.


United States Army Air Corps designation for two T-32s.


United States Navy designation for two AT-32Es (one for United States Marine Corps) later to the United States Antarctic Service.


AT-32C Condor II


2 flight crew + 1 cabin attendant


15 passengers


48 ft 7 in (14.81 m)


82 ft 0 in (24.99 m)


16 ft 4 in (4.98 m)

Wing area

1,208 sq ft (112.2 m2)


NACA 2412

Empty weight

12,235 lb (5,550 kg)

Gross weight

17,500 lb (7,938 kg)


2 × Wright SGR-1820-F2 Cyclone 9-cylinder air-cooled radial piston engines,

720 hp (540 kW) each at 4,000 ft (1,200 m)


3-bladed controllable-pitch propellers


Maximum speed

190 mph (310 km/h, 170 kn)

Cruise speed

167 mph (269 km/h, 145 kn)


716 mi (1,152 km, 622 nmi)

Service ceiling

23,000 ft (7,000 m)

Rate of climb

1,200 ft/min (6.1 m/s).


Curtiss Aircraft 1907-47-Peter M Bowers.

Curtiss Company Profile 1907–1947-Martyn Chorlton.

The Official Monogram US Navy & Marine Corps Aircraft Color Guide, Vol 1, 1911-1939-John M Elliott (Maj Retired).

Latin American Air Wars And Aircraft 1912-1969-Dan Hagedorn.

Aircraft of the Chaco War 1928-1935-Dan Hagedorn & Antonio L Sapienza.

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