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Consolidated Commodore

The Consolidated P2Y was an American flying boat maritime patrol aircraft.

The aircraft was a parasol monoplane with a fabric-covered wing and aluminium hull.

Initially created to compete for a U.S. Navy contract dated February 28, 1928, the prototype Model 9, XPY-1, was designed by Captain Dick Richardson and Isaac M. ‘Mac’ Laddon.

Beginning construction in March 1928, the aircraft was ready for its first flight by the end of the year. Lieutenant A. W. Gorton made the first flight out of Anacostia NAS, Washington, D.C.

The production contract was opened to other bidders, and the Glenn L. Martin Company undercut them and was awarded the contract to construct the plane as the Martin P3M-1 and P3M-2.

Three P3M-1s and six P3M-2s were built, one XP2M-1 was also built to a similar design, powered by three Wright Cyclone engines, following the removal of the third engine it was redesignated XP2M-2.

The idea of a third engine on the XPY-1 had been studied and rejected by Navy Bureau of Aeronautics staff.

A new contract was placed by the U.S. Navy on May 26, 1931, for a prototype of a developed version of the Model 9, XPY-1, designated the Model 22 Ranger by Consolidated.

Incorporating features of the Model 16 Commodore, such as the enclosed flight deck, designated the XP2Y-1 by the Navy, this new prototype had the same 100 ft parasol wing, but became a sesquiplane with a smaller wing mounted lower, at the top of the hull, replacing the booms that had supported the stabilizing pontoons on the XPY-1.

Two Wright R-1820-E1 Cyclone engines were located close below the top wing and had narrow-chord cowlings.

A third similar engine was mounted on a strut along the centreline above the wing, but was removed after the first test in April 1932.

The Navy ordered 23 P2Y-3s as production models similar to the P2Y-2s that were modified from the original batch of P2Y-1s.



One prototype


Navy version of the Commodore.

23 were ordered on July 7, 1931, and were delivered to Patrol Squadron 10 (VP-10) at Norfolk, Virginia on February 1, 1933.


One aircraft delivered to Colombia in December 1932.


One aircraft delivered to Japan in January 1935.


One prototype


Was a -1 with more powerful R-1820-88 engines faired into the leading edges of the wing.

Other -1s were converted in 1936


Was the production version of the -2.

A total of 23 were ordered on 27 December 1933, and entered service with VP-7 in early 1935.


Shortened designation for the Consolidated P2Y evaluated by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air service.

Consolidated Navy Experimental Type C Flying Boat.

The full designation of the Consolidated P2Y evaluated by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service.





61 ft 9 in (18.82 m)


100 ft 0 in (30.48 m)


19 ft 1 in (5.82 m)

Wing area

1,514 sq ft (140.65 m2)

Empty weight

12,769 lb (5,792 kg)

Gross weight

25,266 lb (11,460 kg)


2 × Wright R-1820-90 Cyclone radial piston , 750 hp (559 kW) each


Maximum speed

149 mph (240 km/h, 129 kn)

Cruise speed

118 mph (189 km/h, 103 kn)


1,180 mi (1,899 km, 1,030 nmi)

Service ceiling

16,100 ft (4,265 m)

Rate of climb

650 ft/min (3.3 m/s)


1 × flexible bow-mounted .30 in (7.62 mm) M1919 Browning machine guns

2 × flexible dorsal-mounted .30 in (7.62 mm) M1919 Browning machine guns

2,000 lb (910 kg) bomb load.




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