Caudron C.440-C.449 Goeland

 

1st Flight 1934

The Caudron C.440 Goéland was a six-seat twin-engine utility aircraft developed in France in the mid-1930s.

Production of the C.440 and its subtypes continued until the outbreak of World War II, at which time many C.440s were impressed into military service.

Following the fall of France, some were operated by the German Luftwaffe and the Slovenské vzdušné zbrane – it ordered 12 aircraft as the C.445M in 1942.

Production began again after the war for military and civil use as a transport and as a twin-engine trainer.

In the post-war reorganization of the French aircraft industry, Caudron became part of SNCA du Nord and the aircraft became the Nord Goeland.

Variants

C.440 – prototype

C.441 – version with Renault 6Q-01 engine and dihedral added to outer wing panel

C.444 – first version with counter-rotating propellers, adopted on all later versions

C.445 – similar to C.444, but dihedral of outer wing panels increased

C.445/1

C.445/2 C.445/3 – post-war production version

C.445M – militarised version

C.445R – long-range version

C.446 Super Goéland

C.447 – air ambulance version

C.448 – version with supercharged engines

C.449 – final production versions

C.449/1

C.449/2

C.449/3

C.449/4 – photographic survey version

C.449/5

Specifications

Crew: two pilots

Length: 13.68 m (44 ft 11 in)

Wingspan: 17.59 m (57 ft 9 in)

Height: 3.40 m (11 ft 2 in)

Wing area: 42.0 m2 (452 sq ft)

Empty weight: 2,292 kg (5,053 lb)

Gross weight: 3,500 kg (7,716 lb)

Power plant: 2 × Renault 6Q , 164 kW (220 hp) each

Performance

Maximum speed: 300 km/h (186 mph, 162 kn)

Range: 1,000 km (620 mi, 540 nmi)

Service ceiling: 7,000 m (22,965 ft)

Rate of climb: 3.3 m/s (650 ft/min).

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