Caudron C.440-C.449 Goeland

The Caudron C.440 Goéland was a six-seat twin-engine utility aircraft developed in France in the mid-1930s.

Production of the C.440 and its subtypes continued until the outbreak of World War II, at which time many C.440s were impressed into military service.

Following the fall of France, some were operated by the German Luftwaffe and the Slovenské vzdušné zbrane – it ordered 12 aircraft as the C.445M in 1942.

Production began again after the war for military and civil use as a transport and as a twin-engine trainer.

In the post-war reorganization of the French aircraft industry, Caudron became part of SNCA du Nord and the aircraft became the Nord Goeland.

Variants

C.440

Prototype

C.441

Version with Renault 6Q-01 engine and dihedral added to outer wing panel

C.444

First version with counter-rotating propellers, adopted on all later versions

C.445

Similar to C.444, but dihedral of outer wing panels increased

C.445/1

C.445/2 C.445/3

Post-war production version

C.445M

Militarised version

C.445R

Long-range version

C.446 Super Goéland

C.447

Air ambulance version

C.448

Version with supercharged engines

C.449

Final production versions

C.449/1

C.449/2

C.449/3

C.449/4 

Photographic survey version

C.449/5

Specifications

Crew

Two pilots

Length

13.68 m (44 ft 11 in)

Wingspan

17.59 m (57 ft 9 in)

Height

3.40 m (11 ft 2 in)

Wing area

42.0 m2 (452 sq ft)

Empty weight

2,292 kg (5,053 lb)

Gross weight

3,500 kg (7,716 lb)

Powerplant

2 × Renault 6Q , 164 kW (220 hp) each

Performance

Maximum speed

300 km/h (186 mph, 162 kn)

Range

1,000 km (620 mi, 540 nmi)

Service ceiling

7,000 m (22,965 ft)

Rate of climb

3.3 m/s (650 ft/min).

 

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