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Caproni Vizzola F.4

The Caproni Vizzola F.4 was an Italian fighter aircraft prototype designed and built from 1939.

It was a single-seat, low-wing cantilever monoplane with retractable landing gear.

The F.4 was developed in parallel with the Caproni Vizzola F.5, with which it shared a common airframe.

Design began in late 1937 by a team led by F. Fabrizi.

The aircraft had a welded steel tube fuselage and a wooden wing; the fuselage was covered with flush-riveted duralumin, while the wing had a stressed plywood skin.

Fabrizi and his design team intended the F.4 to be powered by a 12-cylinder Isotta-Fraschini Asso 121 R.C.40 water-cooled engine rated for 715 kW (959 hp) at 4,000 m (13,123 ft), but the Italian Air Ministry preferred that the Asso not be used in fighters, the F.4 project therefore was halted prior to construction of a prototype in favor of continued development of the F.5, which employed a radial engine.

In the summer of 1939, Italy received its first Daimler-Benz DB 601A, a liquid-cooled inverted V-12 engine rated at 876 kW (1,175 hp) from Germany.

This gave the F.4 project a new lease on life, as the Air Ministry approved of its use in fighters.

The last of 12 pre-production F.5 aircraft ordered for the Regia Aeronautica was selected for conversion into the F.4 prototype, powered by the DB 601A. It flew for the first time in July 1940.

No further F.4s were ordered, and a proposal to build a production model powered by an Alfa Romeo-built DB 601A as the F.5bis was dropped in favour of pursuing development of the more advanced Caproni Vizzola F.6M.



8.9 m (29 ft 2 in)


11.29 m (37 ft 0 in)


2.90 m (9 ft 6.1 in)

Wing area

17.60 m2 (189.4 sq ft)

Empty weight

2,462 kg (5,428 lb)

Gross weight

3,000 kg (6,614 lb)


1 × Daimler-Benz DB 601A inverted V12 liquid-cooled piston engine, 876 kW (1,175 hp)


Maximum speed

550 km/h (340 mph, 300 kn) at 3,750 m (12,305 ft)

Cruise speed

489 km/h (304 mph, 264 kn)


700 km (430 mi, 380 nmi) at 435 km/h (270 mph)

Service ceiling

9,997.4 m (32,800 ft)



2 × 12.7 mm (0.5 in) forward-firing Breda-SAFAT machine guns.



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