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Caproni Ca.70 / Ca.71

The Caproni Ca.70 was a two-seat night fighter and ground attack biplane produced in Italy in 1925.

It was the only Italian aircraft designed from the outset as a night fighter.

After the Caproni Company finished its tests, it turned the aircraft over to the Regia Aeronautica, which tested it at Guidonia Montecelio in 1926, the Ca.70 performed well, with good handling and performance.

The Regia Aeronautica had little interest in procuring a two-seat night fighter, and no further examples were built.

Caproni used the design of the Ca.70 as the basis for a variant, the Caproni Ca.71 prototype of 1927.

It was slightly slower and had a slightly lower rate of climb than the Ca.70, although its capacity to accommodate a more powerful engine may have allowed it to overcome this.

At any rate, the Regia Aeronautica had no more interest in procuring the Ca.71 than it had in the Ca.70, and no further examples were built.






9.55 m (31 ft 4 in)


15 m (49 ft 3 in)


3.78 m (12 ft 5 in)

Wing area

55 m2 (590 sq ft)

Empty weight

1,310 kg (2,888 lb)

Gross weight

1,760 kg (3,880 lb)


1 × Lorraine-Dietrich 12Db V-12 water-cooled piston engine,

298 kW (400 hp)


Maximum speed

200 km/h (120 mph, 110 kn)

Rate of climb

3.92 m/s (772 ft/min)

Time to altitude

4,000 m (13,123 ft) in 17 minutes



2 × fixed, forward-firing 7.7 mm (.303 in) Vickers machine guns

1 x flexible 7.7 mm (.303 in) Lewis machine gun in rear cockpit.


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