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Canadair CT-114 / CL-41 Tutor

The CT-114 Tutor is a single-engine turbojet-powered trainer aircraft.

It was purpose-designed for the training role, and possesses numerous favourable qualities, including a high level of reliability and favourable operating economics.

It is capable of a wide performance range, possessing a top speed at altitude of 795 kmh (429 kt) and a diving speed of 885 kmh (478 kt) against a relatively low stalling speed of 71kt.

The Tutor is furnished with manual flight controls, which incorporate spring tabs.

It is intentionally aerodynamically stable in flight, a factor which traditionally has aided in the training of fresh pilots unfamiliar with the demands of flight.

The Tutor features a side-by-side cockpit.

During standard operations, the observing instructor was seated on the right-hand side and the flying student pilot on the left; normally, only the left-hand side normally featured full flight controls.

A number of aircraft were reconfigured with extra controls so that they would be flyable from either position.

The cabin, which is fitted with a rear-hinged canopy over both crew members, can be pressurized to a differential of 3 psi (20 kPa), the equivalent to an altitude of about 2,000 m, for pilot comfort.

For aerial display purposes, the Tutor was readily capable of being fitted with a smoke generator, including a pair of under fuselage pods to house the pressurized diesel fuel used, the use of red dye in the smoke was discontinued fairly quickly as it was found to be highly corrosive.

Various other modifications would also be made to display aircraft, these could be routinely installed and uninstalled as airframes would regularly be exchanged between display and training flights.



Two prototypes, CF-LTW-X and CF-LTX-X used for company engineering and testing program


A total of 190 trainers produced for RCAF and CF use as the CT-114.

A number were modified with smoke generating systems and other modifications for the Snowbirds aerobatic team


Unique version for the Royal Malayan Air Force (RMAF).

A total of 20 ground-attack variants, known as the “Tebuan” in service with RMAF.


One conversion of CF-LTX-X with a CF-104 nose grafted on to demonstrate the use of CF-104/F-104G radar and avionics; no production examples were built.





32 ft 0 in (9.75 m)


36 ft 4 in (11.07 m)


9 ft 4 1⁄2 in (2.858 m)

Wing area

220 sq ft (20 m2)

Empty weight

4,840 lb (2,195 kg)

Gross weight

7,348 lb (3,333 kg)

Max take-off weight

11,000 lb (4,990 kg)


1 × Orenda J85-CAN-40 turbojet, 2,650 lbf (11.8 kN) thrust


Maximum speed

486 mph (782 km/h, 422 kn)


944 mi (1,519 km, 820 nmi)

Service ceiling

44,500 ft (13,600 m)

Rate of climb

4,220 ft/min (21.4 m/s)







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