Close this search box.

Berliner-Joyce XF2J

The Berliner-Joyce XF2J was the company’s second biplane fighter for the United States Navy.

The XF2J was ordered on 30 June 1931 and although designated as a two-seat fighter, it was used as an observation aircraft.

The XF2J’s construction was all-metal with a fabric covered rudder.

The upper wing was “gulled”, with a short, sharply upward-angled section, with the remainder of the wing with a slight dihedral.

The lower wing span was shorter than the upper wing, and was braced with “N” struts and wires.

A .30 calibre machine gun was located in each of the gulled sections of the upper wing and were synchronized to fire through the propeller arc.

The tightly cowled 9 cylinder Pratt & Whitney R-1690C Hornet was the engine originally specified, but was changed to the 625 hp (466 kW) 14-cylinder Wright SR-1510-92 Whirlwind before the aircraft flew.

The propeller was a metal constant speed two blade design.

The original open cockpits were modified to sliding canopies shortly after delivery to the navy.

The XF2J-1 suffered from the same faults as the P-16, resulting in an unfavourable service trial of the one prototype, which had appeared two years late due to a protracted development phase, exacerbated by financial difficulties that eventually led to the demise of the company.

The poor visibility over the nose and the landing characteristics doomed the XF2J-1, especially in light of the availability of the superior Grumman FF-1.





28 ft 10 in (8.79 m)

Upper wingspan

36 ft 0 in (10.97 m)

Wing area

303.5 sq ft (28.20 m2)

Empty weight

3,210 lb (1,456 kg)

Gross weight

4,539 lb (2,059 kg)

Max take-off weight

4,539 lb (2,059 kg)


1 × Wright SR-1510-92 Whirlwind 14-cylinder air-cooled supercharged two-row radial piston engine,

600 hp (450 kW)


Maximum speed

170 kn (196 mph, 315 km/h)



Two x .30 calibre machine guns mounted in the upper wing root area.


Share on facebook