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Berliner-Joyce P-16

The Berliner-Joyce P-16 was a 1930s United States two-seat fighter aircraft 

During 1931, the USAAC ordered the Berliner-Joyce YP-16 which had the distinction of being the last biplane fighter to enter service with the USAAC.

In addition, the P-16 remained the only two-seat biplane fighter to be produced for the army after 1918.

Delivered in 1932 as the Y1P-16 primarily equipping the 94th Pursuit Squadron, the production aircraft were later re-designated PB-1 (Pursuit-Biplane, an awkward designation for a class of aircraft and only applied to one other type, the Consolidated PB-30).

Without the prototype’s supercharger, performance at altitude was appreciably reduced although the aircraft had a greater endurance than contemporary single-seat pursuits.

Despite the gullwing, pilots had poor visibility over the nose which contributed to service pilots having a propensity to nose-over on landing.

All Berliner-Joyce PB-1s were withdrawn from active service in 1934, although a small number of aircraft continued in second line duties until 1940.





28 ft 2 in (8.59 m)


34 ft 0 in (10.36 m)


10 ft 2 in (3.10 m)

Wing area

290.64 ft2 (27 m2)

Empty weight

2,734 lb (1,240 kg)

Max. take-off weight

3,968 lb (1,800 kg)


1 × Curtiss V-1570-25 Conqueror inline piston, 600 hp (447 kw)


Maximum speed

172 mph (282 km/h)


650 miles (1,046 km)


Two fixed forward firing


One flexible mounted 0.3 in (7.62mm) machine guns,

Maximum bomb load of 224 lb (102 kg).


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