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Armstrong Whitworth Wolf

The Armstrong Whitworth Wolf was a British two seat reconnaissance aircraft ordered by the Royal Air Force in 1923.

The Wolf was a two bay biplane of unorthodox design, with the fuselage mounted between the two sets of wings.

No production order was placed, and the three machines built served their days at the Royal Aircraft Establishment at Farnborough as experimental test-beds.

Alongside the RAF’s order in 1923, Armstrong Whitworth also built two for the RAF Reserve Flying School at Whitley, and a final, sixth aircraft in 1929.

As trainers, they proved popular with pilots, although less so with ground crews for whom the rigging and undercarriage were awkward to maintain.

All Wolves were retired from service in 1931 and all but the most recently built were scrapped.

The final aircraft was taken to Hamble for use as an instructional airframe.





31 ft 0 in (9.45 m)


39 ft 10 in (12.14 m)


13 ft 0 in (3.96 m)

Wing area

488 sq ft (45.3 m2)

Empty weight

2,690 lb (1,220 kg)

Gross weight

4,090 lb (1,855 kg)


1 × Armstrong Siddeley Jaguar III, 14-cylinder two row air cooled radial engine,

350 hp (260 kW)


Maximum speed

110 mph (180 km/h, 96 kn) at 10,000 ft (3,000 m)


3 hr 45 min

Service ceiling

15,150 ft (4,620 m)

Time to altitude

1.3 min to 1,000 ft (300 m)

6.5 min to 5,000 ft (1,500 m)



1 × fixed forward firing .303 in (7.7 mm) Vickers machine gun

1 × .303 in (7.7 mm) Lewis Gun in Scarff ring for observer.


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