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Ambrosini SAI.10

The Ambrosini SAI.10 Grifone was a military trainer aircraft produced in small numbers for the Italian Regia Aeronautica early in World War II.

With the approach of war, the Ministero dell’ Aeronautica began a program to increase the number of pilots available, and ordered a prototype primary trainer from Ambrosini.

This aircraft, a parasol monoplane of mixed construction, first flew on July 8 1939 with Guiliano Ferrari at the controls.

A production batch of 50 was ordered, but this was quickly reduced to just 10 machines, all of which were delivered in 1940.

Production aircraft differed by having a Fiat A.50 radial engine in place of the prototype’s CNA D.

Other engines were trialled included an example with a Siemens-Halske Sh 14, and one with an Alfa Romeo 110, this latter machine designated SAI.11.

Another experimental development that did not enter production was a float-equipped SAI.10 Gabbiano.





6.50 m (21 ft 4 in)


10.30 m (33 ft 9.5 in)


2.10 m (6 ft 10.75 in)

Wing area

14.3 m2 (154 sq ft)

Empty weight

400 kg (880 lb)

Gross weight

615 kg (1,353 lb)


1 × Fiat A.50 radial,

63 kW (85 hp)


Maximum speed

187 km/h (116 mph, 101 kn)

Cruise speed

161 km/h (100 mph, 87 kn)


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